Today corn cribs with whole ears, and corn binders, are less common because most modern farms harvest the grain from the field with a combine and store it in bins. The grains are about the size of peas, and adhere in regular rows around a white, pithy substance, which forms the ear. Meaning and examples for 'maize' in Spanish-English dictionary. Maize , also known as corn, is one of the most extensively cultivated cereal crops in the World.  The two plants have dissimilar appearance, maize having a single tall stalk with multiple leaves and teosinte being a short, bushy plant. Maize silage. Hoffman, L. and A. Baker. Leaf Number and Tillering of 16 Races Under Four Temperatures and Two Photoperiods1", 10.2135/cropsci1972.0011183X001200060045x, "Maize is Not Day Neutral; Day Length and Flowering", "Unique gene combinations control tropical maize response to day lengths", "Elongated mesocotyl1, a phytochrome-deficient mutant of maize", "ACES News :: College of ACES, University of Illinois", "Effect of grain color gene (R) on grain dormancy and sensitivity of the embryo to abscisic acid (ABA) in wheat", "Flavonoid biosynthesis. Showing page 1.  There is conflicting evidence to support the hypothesis that maize yield potential has increased over the past few decades. varieties defend themselves against western corn rootworm. Later breeding efforts included ear to row selection (C. G. Hopkins c. 1896), hybrids made from selected inbred lines (G. H. Shull, 1909), and the highly successful double cross hybrids using four inbred lines (D. F. Jones c. 1918, 1922). Panchayat definition: a village council in India | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Quality:
The ruins of Champaner, the former capital of a Hindu kingdom and later of the Sultans of Gujarat, was included in the district. After ceramic vessels were invented the Olmec people began to cook maize together with beans, improving the nutritional value of the staple meal.  In that location maize remains were found inside pottery dated to 730 ±80 BP and 920 ±60 BP. In sprouted or cooked form, the relative nutritional and anti-nutritional contents of each of these staples are different from that of raw form of these staples reported in the table below. Dictionary – Find Word Meanings. More maize is produced, by weight, than any other grain, and almost every country in World cultivates maize commercially for a variety of uses. , A fraction of the maize feedstock dry matter used for ethanol production is usefully recovered as DDGS (dried distillers grains with solubles). Thomas E. Emerson, Kristin M. Hedman and Mary L. Simon. Bhutta (Bengali), Makai (Gujarati), Maka (Hindi, Marathi, Oriya), Musikinu jola (Kannada), Makaay (Kashmiri), Cholam (Malayalam), Makka Cholam (Tamil), Mokka jonnalu (Telugu) ORIGIN The primary centre of origin of maize is considered by most authorities to be the Central America and Mexico, where many diverse types of maize are found.  Some Spaniards worried that by eating indigenous foods, which they did not consider nutritious, they would weaken and risk turning into Indians. 1972, Lytle Robinson, chapter 5, in Edgar Cayceʼs Story of the Origin and Destiny of Man, USA: Berkley Publishing Corporation, page 106: A fundamental creative act of American man was the development of maize. Maize formed the Mesoamerican people's identity. Its root system is generally shallow, so the plant is dependent on soil moisture. "In the view of Europeans, it was the food they ate, even more than the environment in which they lived, that gave Amerindians and Spaniards both their distinctive physical characteristics and their characteristic personalities.  The leafy stalk of the plant produces pollen inflorescences and separate ovuliferous inflorescences called ears that yield kernels or seeds, which are fruits.. For security reasons (specially on shared computers), proceed to Google and sign out from your Google account. 1958). , Maize was planted by the Native Americans in hills, in a complex system known to some as the Three Sisters. Here the maize is harvested, shredded then placed in silage clamps from which it is fed into the biogas plants. Maize is relatively cheap and home-heating furnaces have been developed which use maize kernels as a fuel. Maize is also used in making ethanol and other biofuels. 62 pp. The Maya used nixtamal meal to make varieties of porridges and tamales. Ecological Requirement: Climate: Maize does well on a wide range of climatic conditions, and it is grown in the tropical as well as temperate regions, from sea-levels up to altitudes of 2500m. Ha jami lidhu. = No, I'm not coming.  Corn on the cob was hawked on the streets of early 19th-century New York City by poor, barefoot "Hot Corn Girls", who were thus the precursors of hot dog carts, churro wagons, and fruit stands seen on the streets of big cities today.. Erin W. Hodgson, Utah State University Extension and Utah Plant Pest Diagnostic Laboratory. Broad meaning in Gujarati. Use of maize for biofuel production increases the demand, and therefore price of maize. It was believed that beginning about 2500 BC, the crop spread through much of the Americas. Dictionary – Find Word Meanings. Most historians believe maize was domesticated in the Tehuacán Valley of Mexico. If you are plucking them off, then it is a sign that God has answered your prayers. Malayalam meaning and translation of the word "ragi" ഉപവാക്യം (Phrase) Vermicelli meaning and translation in Malayalam, Tamil, Kannada, Telugu, Hindi, Bengali, Gujarati, Marati, Oriya and Punjabi | Pachakam.com Find more words! - eXtension", "It's Time to Rethink America's Corn System", International Grains Council (international organization), "International Grains Council Market Report 28 November 2013", Genetically modified plants: Global Cultivation Area Maize, "A single domestication for maize shown by multilocus microsatellite genotyping", "Earliest Directional Evolution for Microsatellite Size in Maize", "Late ninth millennium B.P. Richmond Spiders Football Coaches, maize in Gujarati translation and definition , Santali , Kannada ಕನ್ನಡ | Youtube Gujarati translation of 'pearl-barley' ગુજરાતી Gujarati meaning of 'pearl-barley' pearl … ", CBOT Corn Futures Contract Overview via Wikinvest, "National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28", "Nutrition facts, calories in food, labels, nutritional information and analysis", "USDA Table of Nutrient Retention Factors, Release 6", "The origins of maize: the puzzle of pellagra", "Nutrients involved in energy metabolism", "Managing Sweet Corn Pests in Massachusetts", List of top international rankings by country, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maize&oldid=992303922, Crops originating from indigenous Americans, Crops originating from Pre-Columbian North America, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2009, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2014, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Illustration showing male and female maize flowers, production of starch, corn oil, sweeteners (, human consumption—grits, corn flour, corn meal, beverage alcohol, It has been derived from hybridization between a small domesticated maize (a slightly changed form of a wild maize) and a teosinte of section, It has undergone two or more domestications either of a wild maize or of a teosinte. Maize (/meɪz/ MAYZ; Zea mays subsp. The latter produce sheaves that can be shocked. Field maize is left in the field until very late in the autumn to thoroughly dry the grain, and may, in fact, sometimes not be harvested until winter or even early spring. , In 2005, research by the USDA Forest Service suggested that the rise in maize cultivation 500 to 1,000 years ago in what is now the southeastern United States corresponded with a decline of freshwater mussels, which are very sensitive to environmental changes. By the end of the growing season, the kernels dry out and become difficult to chew without cooking them tender first in boiling water. Maize breeding in prehistory resulted in large plants producing large ears. How Popular is the name Maize? ), CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (.  Sugar-rich varieties called sweet corn are usually grown for human consumption as kernels, while field corn varieties are used for animal feed, various corn-based human food uses (including grinding into cornmeal or masa, pressing into corn oil, and fermentation and distillation into alcoholic beverages like bourbon whiskey), and as chemical feedstocks. B raw unenriched long-grain white rice Breaking Language Barrier : Download Dictionary & Translation computer software & smartphone apps in English, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati & 23 languages. The Mesoamerican civilization, in particular, was deeply interrelated with maize. The breakdown of usage of the 12.1-billion-bushel (307-million-tonne) 2008 US maize crop was as follows, according to the World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates Report by the USDA. We spent last weekend at my parents place in Lincolnshire where Sundays are always simple and lazy. Between the 1890s and the 1970s, the technology of maize harvesting expanded greatly. All Gujarati meaning of word Broad. , Maize is preferred in formal, scientific, and international usage because it refers specifically to this one grain, unlike corn, which has a complex variety of meanings that vary by context and geographic region. Maize is a staple of Mexican cuisine. :10 It is supported experimentally and by recent studies of the plants' genomes.
In 2011, 23.26% of the total land area of the Panchmahal district was covered by forest. As a plant that uses C4 carbon fixation, maize is a considerably more water-efficient crop than plants that use C3 carbon fixation such as alfalfa and soybeans. how the immense diversity of the species of sect. Spanish words for maize include maíz, choclo and mazamorra.  In the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, corn primarily means maize; this usage started as a shortening of "Indian corn". What is another word for maize? ", "The cultural and chronological context of early Holocene maize and squash domestication in the Central Balsas River Valley, Mexico", "Starch grain and phytolith evidence for early ninth millennium B.P. Immature maize shoots accumulate a powerful antibiotic substance, 2,4-dihydroxy-7-methoxy-1,4-benzoxazin-3-one (DIMBOA).  On November 20, 2009, the consortium published results of its sequencing effort in Science. COMMODITY WORLD Gujarati is the leading Gujarati Financial Daily Newspaper since 2003 And We have Published 2 Edition Ahmadabad And Rajkot. . Although it is grown mainly in wet, hot climates, it has been said to thrive in cold, hot, dry or wet conditions, meaning that it is an extremely versatile crop. For this purpose, variegated and colored leaf forms as well as those with colorful ears are used. Oats are consumed as porridge in homes worldwide. This involved a large number of workers and associated social events (husking or shucking bees). Frequently used flours in most Indian kitchen Grains, rice and flour made out of grains are the energy-giving, starchy, staple foods in Indian kitchen (also in many other cuisines as well). They are often kept on the cob for storage in a corn crib, or they may be shelled off for storage in a grain bin. "Corn" redirects here. The resulting DNA sequence data was deposited immediately into GenBank, a public repository for genome-sequence data. Archeological evidence from Florida sites indicate they cultivated it as well.  In 2018, total world production was 1.15 billion tonnes, led by the United States with 34.2% of the total (table). corn; a type of grain of the species ''Zea mays'', corn; a type of grain of the species Zea mays, tall annual cereal grass bearing kernels on large ears: widely cultivated in America in many varieties; the principal cereal in Mexico and Central and South America since pre-Columbian times. The study also demonstrated that the oldest surviving maize types are those of the Mexican highlands. The idea of a maize maze was introduced by the American Maze Company who created a maze in Pennsylvania in 1993. Note that 'matra' is added after the consonant. These mutations, ts4 and Ts6, prohibit the development of the stamen while simultaneously promoting pistil development.  This method was replaced by single species hill planting where each hill 60–120 cm (2 ft 0 in–3 ft 11 in) apart was planted with three or four seeds, a method still used by home gardeners. At the end of each is a carpel, which may develop into a "kernel" if fertilized by a pollen grain. barley meaning in gujarati. There are about 1000 chromosomal aberrations (e.g., translocations and inversions) and stocks with abnormal chromosome numbers (e.g., tetraploids). Maize has been an essential crop in the Andes since the pre-Columbian era. If you would like to know Gujarati name of any other vegetable, you can contact us through the comment section. English Dictionary; English – Hindi Dictionary how the tiny archaeological specimens of 3500–2700 BC could have been selected from a teosinte, and.  "Indian corn" primarily means maize (the staple grain of indigenous Americans), but can refer more specifically to multicolored "flint corn" used for decoration.. મકાઈ લોટ Makā'ī lōṭa. Introduction The maize (Zea mays L.) is a monoic annual plant which belongs to maideas tribe and the grass family of gramineae, and their cells have 2n chromosomes. Viral Nakrani says: March 22, 2017 at 10:28 am. Wolfgang Goettel, Joachim Messing. This technique reduces moisture evaporation from the soil, and thus provides more moisture for the crop. = Let's go for a lunch/dinner Na hu nathi avano. There are two major species of the genus Zea (out of six total): Zea mays (maize) and Zea diploperennis, which is a perennial type of teosinte. Significant values are highlighted in light Gray color and bold letters. Maize is used as a fish bait, called "dough balls". , Primary sequencing of the maize genome was completed in 2008. Many of the maize varieties grown in the United States and Canada are hybrids. This reduces the supply of the other food crops and increases their prices.. This process makes use of the whole plant rather than simply using the kernels as in the production of fuel ethanol. Series latest; Template “blueberry” Gujarati (gu) Before translating, be sure to go through Linux Mint instructions. Maize silage is one of the most valuable forages for ruminants. Internationally important seed banks such as the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) and the US bank at the Maize Genetics Cooperation Stock Center University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign maintain germplasm important for future crop development. " Despite these worries, Spaniards did consume maize. Maize is still an important model organism for genetics and developmental biology today. Mr. Reddy-June 13, 2017. They are often pale yellow and 18 cm (7 in) in length, like tufts of hair in appearance.  However, introduction in the northern latitudes of the US of tropical maize for biofuels, and not for human or animal consumption, may potentially alleviate this. Maize Yield Per Hectare In India In maize cultivation yield of crop mainly depends on the climate, field management, irrigation, variety and quality of seeds, and fertilizers. , Maize is widely cultivated throughout the world, and a greater weight of maize is produced each year than any other grain. The recipe is easy to prepare. If you are plucking them off, then it is a sign that God has answered your prayers. Native Americans cleared large forest and grassland areas for the new crop.  However the Spanish may have misidentified the plant. Corn flour is used to make cornbread and other baked products. The maximum size of kernels is reputedly 2.5 cm (1 in). This, in turn, results in farm acreage being diverted from other food crops to maize production. Glyphosate is an herbicide which kills all plants except those with genetic tolerance. In the United States, maize ears along with tobacco leaves are carved into the capitals of columns in the United States Capitol building. The rapid growth of a field of maize allows a maze to be laid out using GPS at the start of a growing season and for the maize to grow tall enough to obstruct a visitor's line of sight by the start of the summer. Agronomic data were supplemented by botanical traits for a robust initial classification, then genetic, cytological, protein and DNA evidence was added. Mapuches of south-central Chile cultivated maize along with quinoa and potatoes in pre-Hispanic times; however, potato was the staple food of most Mapuches, "specially in the southern and coastal [Mapuche] territories where maize did not reach maturity". According to OXFAM UK, after NAFTA went into effect, the price of maize in Mexico fell 70% between 1994 and 2001. About 50 species exist and consist of different colors, textures and grain and. Flour in English fully grown but still soft maize crops internodes [ 36 ] of 18 cm ( 7 )! The new crop ) and stocks with abnormal chromosome numbers ( e.g., and. 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