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[157] Nepal established diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China on 1 August 1955, and signed the Treaty of Peace and Friendship in 1960; relations since have been based on the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence. Nepal is a member of SAARC, UN, WTO, BIMSTEC and ACD, among others. It is located in the center of the country, on the fertile homonymous valley, right at the confluence of the rivers Bagmati and Vishnumati. You can easily improve your search by specifying the number of letters in the answer. It is the first metropolitan of Nepal situated in the Kathmandu Valley, Province No. [173] It has few aircraft, mainly helicopters, primarily used for transport, patrol, and search and rescue. [22], According to Hindu mythology, Nepal derives its name from an ancient Hindu sage called Ne, referred to variously as Ne Muni or Nemi. [277] Economic immigrants, and refugees fleeing persecution or war, from neighbouring countries, Africa and the Middle East, termed "urban refugees" because they live in apartments in the cities instead of refugee camps,[278][279][280] lack official recognition; the government facilitates their resettlement in third countries. The districts, in turn, comprise local units known as urban and rural municipalities. [89] In its 35 forest-types and 118 ecosystems,[88][f] Nepal harbours 2% of the flowering plant species, 3% of pteridophytes and 6% of bryophytes. ", "Malik overall winner, Afghanistan bag team c'ship", "Blind cricketers' horrible journey to WC", "Nepal defeat Pakistan, seal women's blind cricket series", "Renovation of Dasharath Stadium takes forever, hurts nation's football", "APF athletes Parki, Koju win 5,000m races", "National Games conclude with concerns over maintenance and upgradation of infrastructure", "ICC suspends Cricket Association of Nepal", "Athletes spend the best years of their lives playing sports, but are often left with little to retire on", "National Population and Housing Census 2011 (National Report)", SAARC Consortium on Open and Distance Learning, South Asia Co-operative Environment Programme, Foundation of SAARC Writers and Literature,, Member states of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, States and territories established in 1769, Articles with incomplete citations from April 2020, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 18:33. [264] Low birth weight is at 27% while breastfeeding is at 65%. [61], The Hindu practice of Sati, in which a widow sacrificed herself in the funeral pyre of her husband, was banned in 1919, and slavery was officially abolished in 1924. [184] Nepal has been a member of WTO since 23 April 2004. [47] Nepal came to be established as a land of spirituality and refuge in the intervening centuries, played an important role in transmitting Buddhism to East Asia via Tibet,[48] and helped preserve Hindu and Buddhist manuscripts. The Nepalese Civil War in the 1990s and early 2000s resulted in the establishment of a secular republic in 2008, ending the world's last Hindu monarchy. By dividing the indigenous non-Aryan Buddhist population into castes modelled after the four Varna system of Hinduism, he provided an influential model for the Sanskritization and Hinduization of the indigenous non-Hindu tribal populations in all principalities throughout Nepal. The characteristic architecture associated exclusively with Nepal was developed and refined by Newa artisans of the Kathmandu Valley starting no later than the Lichchhavi period. [3], The Government of Nepal has three branches:[3]. [166] Countries that Nepal maintains a close relationship with, include the most generous donors and development partners—the United States, the United Kingdom, Denmark, Japan and Norway, among others. In addition to maintaining law and order, it is responsible for management of road traffic, which is undertaken by Nepal Traffic Police. The capital city of Nepal is Kathmandu, and it is also the largest city in the country, it is located in the World Heritage Site Kathmandu Valley. [35], After 6500 BCE, evidence for domestication of food crops and animals, construction of permanent structures, and storage of agricultural surplus appeared in Mehrgarh and other sites in what is now Balochistan. [267] Contraceptive prevalence rate is 53% but the disparity rate between rural and urban areas is high due to a lack of awareness and easy access. Kathmandu has various cultural groups, ethnicities, languages, religions, and races. The most well-developed of Nepali painting traditions is the thanka or paubha painting tradition of Tibetan Buddhism, practised in Nepal by the Buddhist monks and Newar artisans. [d][50], In the Kathmandu valley, the Kiratas were pushed eastward by the Lichchhavis, and the Lichchhavi dynasty came into power c. 400 CE. The city has a population density of 20,288 people per square kilometer. [230] As of 2018[update], all district headquarters (except Simikot) had been connected to the road network. [243] Nepal was officially a Hindu Kingdom until recently, and Shiva was considered the guardian deity of the country. [76] Immediately south of the emerging Himalayas, plate movement created a vast trough that rapidly filled with river-borne sediment[77] and now constitutes the Indo-Gangetic Plain. [199] The country receives foreign aid from the UK,[200][201] India, Japan, the US, the EU, China, Switzerland, and Scandinavian countries. [233] Similarly, while an estimated 14.52% had access to fixed broadband, an additional 52.71% were accessing the internet using their mobile data subscriptions; almost 15 million of them with 3G or better. [260] Two-thirds of all deaths are due to non-communicable diseases; heart disease is the leading cause of death. What are synonyms for capital of Nepal? The city exports handicrafts, artworks, and papers among others. [162], Nepal emphasises greater cooperation in South Asia and actively pushed for the establishment of SAARC, the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, the permanent secretariat of which, is hosted in Kathmandu. It lies between latitudes 26° and 31°N, and longitudes 80° and 89°E. By 250 BCE, the southern regions had come under the influence of the Maurya Empire. Solutions du même Grille. Nepal is divided into three principal physiographic belts known as Himal-Pahad-Terai. Below are all possible answers to this clue ordered by its rank. It has 130 significant monuments, pilgrimage sites for Hindus and Buddhists. [185], The 16.8-million-worker Nepali labour force is the 37th largest in the world. The population of Nepal in 2007 was almost 29 million people. The only practical seaport of entry for goods bound for Kathmandu is Kolkata in India. [231] Nepal depends almost entirely on assistance from countries like China, India and Japan, for building, maintenance and expansion of the road network. 20. [311] In an actual meal, this mental representation takes the form of a platter, or thali, with a central place for the cooked cereal, peripheral ones, often in small bowls, for the flavourful accompaniments, and the simultaneous, rather than piecemeal, ingestion of the two in each act of eating, whether by actual mixing—for example of rice and lentils—or in the folding of one—such as bread—around the other, such as cooked vegetables. It’s total area of 49.45 km2 and is at elevation of 1,400 m. According to census 2011, overall population of Kathmandu was 1,003,285 together with the density of 20,288/km2. 4,600 ft (1,400 metres) above the sea level in the bowl-shaped. In the Kathmandu valley, the Mallas, who make several appearances in Nepalese history since ancient times, had established themselves in Kathmandu and Patan by middle of the 14th century. In the recent years, Kathmandu has experienced conflict in political instability and brought rise to violence and protests which have often brought considerable damage to buildings or leading to loss of lives. As the cherished of Ne, the valley would be called Nepāl. [251] Though there is significant gender disparity in overall literacy rate,[5] girls have overtaken boys in enrolment to all levels of education. [307] Selroti, kasaar, fini and chaku are among the sweet delicacies. Nepal is one of the ten least urbanized, and the ten fastest urbanizing countries in the world. [45] The Gopalas were followed by Kiratas who ruled for over 16 centuries by some accounts. By the 18th century, the Gorkha Kingdom achieved the unification of Nepal. 2, though it has negligible presence in the rest of the country. October 2019, IMF update, excludes Somalia and Syria, October 2019, IMF update; excludes Somalia, Syria and Venezuela. The Capital of the Country of Nepal is Kathmandu. CodyCross is a famous newly released game which is developed by Fanatee. [319] Despite efforts, standardization and development of dandi biyo has not been achieved,[320][321] while Kabaddi, as a professional sport, is still in its infancy in Nepal. Kathmandu is the capital and largest city of Nepal, with a population of around 2.5 million. [229], Nepal remains isolated from the world's major land, air and sea transport routes, although, within the country, aviation is in a better state, with 47 airports, 11 of them with paved runways;[230] flights are frequent and support a sizeable traffic. It is landlocked, and borders China in the north and India in the south, east and west, while Bangladesh is located within only 27 km (17 mi) of its southeastern tip and Bhutan is separated from it by the Indian state of Sikkim. [223] However, Nepal has been able to exploit only about 1,100 MW. The census also noted some 1.9 million absentee people, over a million more than in 2001; most are male labourers employed overseas. [225] Major hydro-power projects suffer delays and setbacks. The Lower Himalayan Range, reaching 1,500 to 3,000 metres (4,900 to 9,800 ft), is the southern limit of this region, with subtropical river valleys and "hills" alternating to the north of this range. This video is about a day of Kathmandu with beautiful temples and about of gods with rainy and cloudy city. [108][106] The community forestry program which has seen a third of the country's population directly participate in managing a quarter of the total forested area, has helped the local economies while reducing human-wildlife conflict. [325] Chess is also played. [3] There is a total of 753 local units which includes 6 metropolitan municipalities, 11 sub-metropolitan municipalities and 276 municipalities for a total of 293 urban municipalities, and 460 rural municipalities. [65] This led to the long Nepali Civil War and more than 16,000 deaths. The traditional one called the chaubandi cholo, like the daura, is full-sleeved, double-breasted with pleats and strings, and extends down to the patuka, covering the midriff. The small economy, technological backwardness, susceptibility to natural disaster and the landlocked geographic location may hinder the fast growth of the city as well as the country. Gorkha, one of the Baisi states, emerged as an influential and ambitious kingdom with a reputation for justice, after it codified the first Hinduism-based laws in the Nepalese hills. [106] The pervasive and ecologically devastating human encroachment of recent decades has critically endangered Nepali wildlife. Le Nepal est un pays qui appartient au continent asiatique qui compte avec une surface de 147,181 km2 et une population de plus de 28,563,377, son code iso2 y iso3 sont successivement np et NPL, la Capitale népalaise est la ville de Kathmandu. Capital of Nepal is a crossword puzzle clue. In 2008, Kathmandu was all over in the headlines when political protests relent and political protests have plagued the city ever since. Asia's best Meditation and Yoga Retreats As the capital of Nepal , Kathmandu is home to many of the country's most fascinating cultural and historical landmarks. The hilly and mountainous terrain in the northern two-thirds of the country has made the building of roads and other infrastructure difficult and expensive. The Nepali caste system embodies much of the social stratification and many of the social restrictions found in South Asia. [53], In the 11th century, a powerful empire of Khas people emerged in western Nepal whose territory at its highest peak included much of western Nepal as well as parts of western Tibet and Uttarakhand of India. [302] For women, it eventually took the form of a sari, a single long piece of cloth, famously six yards long, and of width spanning the lower body. [311] The latter includes lentils, pulses and vegetables spiced commonly with ginger and garlic, but also more discerningly with a combination of spices that may include coriander, cumin, turmeric, cinnamon, cardamon, jimbu and others as informed by culinary conventions. [319], Football and cricket are popular professional sports. [52], The Licchavi dynasty went into decline in the late 8th century, and was followed by a Thakuri rule. [187] Nepal's foreign exchange remittances of US$8.1 billion in 2018, the 19th largest in the world and constituting 28.0% of GDP,[188] were contributed to its economy by millions of workers primarily in India, the middle east and East Asia, almost all of them unskilled labourers. Capital of Nepal. Nepali film industry is known as "Kollywood". Vulture restaurants[89] coupled with a ban on veterinary usage of diclofenac has seen a rise in the number of white-rumped vultures. The government lacks data on Indian immigrants as they do not require permits to live and work in Nepal;[282] Government of India puts the number of non-resident Indians in the country at 600,000.[283]. Jewellery of gold and silver, and sometimes precious stones, are common. [233] Although there is high disparity in penetration rate between the rural and urban areas, mobile service has reached 75 districts of the country covering 90% of land area, and broadband access is expected to reach 90% of the population by 2020. [230] According to the 2011 census, the percentage of households possessing radio was 50.82%, television 36.45%, cable TV 19.33%, and computer 7.28%. Kathmandu is the capital of Nepal, a city that was relevant to the generation who came of age between the mid-1980s and the early-1990s, influenced by the travel writings of those who came here at the beginning of the hippie movement. [218] Due to restrictions placed on women, many depend on traffickers to get out of the country, and end up victims of violence and abuse. Nepal is a signatory to the Geneva Convention, Conventions/Treaties on the prohibition of Biological, Chemical and Nuclear weapons,[137] International Labour Organization Fundamental Conventions, Treaty on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons and the Paris climate accord. Bir Narsingh Kunwar emerged victorious and founded the Rana dynasty, and came to be known as Jung Bahadur Rana. As of 2016[update], there were just over 11,890 km (7,388 mi) of paved roads, 16,100 km (10,004 mi) of unpaved roads, and just 59 km (37 mi) of railway line in the south. Nepal hosts the permanent secretariat of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), of which it is a founding member. Before the unification of Nepal, the Kathmandu valley was known as Nepal. ", "Tibet's Road Ahead: Tibetans lose a haven in Nepal under Chinese pressure", "China urged to let Nepalis work in Taklakot", "Why Nepal's Access to China Ports Matters", "Belt and Road Initiative: Nepal's concern and commitment", "SAARC: Origin, Growth, Potential and Achievements", "Nepal, Bangladesh Can Become Better Trade Partners", "Marking the diplomatic ties between Nepal and Israel", "UNGA vote 'consistent with Nepal's position on Israel, Palestine, "Military expenditure (current USD) | Data", "New chief faces daunting task rebuilding Nepal Army's image", "Thapa to take charge of Nepali Army as acting CoAS", "South Asia :: Nepal – The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency", "Dolpa HQ connected to national road network", "Women promoted to major for first time in NA infantry", "Bhakti Shah – the fight for gay and transgender rights in Nepal", "Nepal is 19th largest receiver of remittances with $8.1 billion", "Unskilled workers dominate Nepali labour force abroad", "More Nepalis going abroad for employment", "South Asia :: Nepal — The World Factbook", "Agricultural Policies and Rural Development in Nepal: An Overview", "Nepalese Foreign Trade: Growth, Composition, and Direction", "Bangladesh, Nepal, Rwanda top India in reducing poverty – study", "World poverty is shrinking rapidly, new index reveals", "Nepal: Irrigation and Water Resource Management", "World Bank: Nepal- Country Overview 2012", "Nepali gov't presents 13.71 bln USD budget for next fiscal year", "Finance Minister Khatiwada worried as ministries fail to spend development budget", "UK should cut aid to Nepal if "endemic" corruption persists: report", "Per capita income to reach $1,400 by 2023-24", "Development Failure: A Critical Review of Three Analyses of Development in Nepal", "A Development Failure: The Development-Conflict Nexus", "Nepal tourism generated Rs240b and supported 1m jobs last year: Report", "Nepal has enough opportunities to tap tourists who visit other South Asian nations", "Nepal's unemployment rate estimated at 11.4 percent", "12 Hostages From Nepal Are Executed in Iraq, a Militant Group Claims", "He narrowly escaped the 2004 Iraq massacre of 12 Nepalis", "Basic minimum wage eludes Nepali migrant workers", "Nepali migrant workers returning home from labour destination countries without wages", "Nepal receiving two dead migrant workers every day for past seven years: Report", "Nepalese Labor Migration—A Status Report", "Labour migration in Nepal (ILO in Nepal)", NEPAL ENERGY SECTOR ASSESSMENT, STRATEGY, AND ROAD MAP, "From a fossil past to an electric future", "More than half of Nepal's electricity imported from India", "NEA to build 10 new hydropower projects", "Nepal fails to meet energy sector targets in the current fiscal", "Connecting Nepal's Rural Poor to Markets", Nepal Telecommunications Authority MIS Report Shrawan, 2076, "Press Council Nepal classifies 833 newspapers, magazines", "Nepal retains its position in press freedom rankings, states RSF report",,, "Hindu Demographics & Denominations (Part One)", "Eid highlights Nepal's religious tolerance", "NEPAL-2018-INTERNATIONAL-RELIGIOUS-FREEDOM-REPORT", "Community-based School Management The Role Politics Plays", "Minister Pokhrel urges teachers to be loyal to their schools", "Types of scholarships provided to Nepalese students by government of Nepal", "Medical colleges charging extra fees even from govt scholarship holders", "More students seeking 'no objection' to study abroad", "Nepal ranks second in lung ailment deaths", Nepal Burden of Disease 2017: A Country Report based on the Global Burden of Disease 2017 Study, "Study reveals high prevalence of non-communicable diseases in Nepal", "Nearly half of Nepali children still malnourished", "Maternal mortality reduction target hard to meet for Nepal: Officials", "Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births) - Nepal | Data", "Nepal far from hitting contraceptive target", "Health insurance plan yet to cover 38 districts in Nepal", "The Current State of Maternal Health in Nepal", "Government has been trying to eliminate open defecation for over a decade. The most widely worn traditional dress in Nepal, for both women and men, from ancient times until the advent of modern times, was draped. [116] It has three political parties recognised in the federal parliament: Nepal Communist Party (NCP), Nepali Congress (NC),[116] and Janata Samajbadi Party, Nepal (JSPN). Nepal was admitted to the United Nations in 1955, and friendship treaties were signed with India in 1950 and the People's Republic of China in 1960. Religious and cultural festivities form a major part of the lives and cultures of people residing in the valley. The competition for prestige among these brotherly kingdoms saw the flourishing of art and architecture in central Nepal, and the building of famous Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur Durbar Squares; their division and mistrust led to their fall in the late 18th century, and ultimately, unification of Nepal into a modern state. Local dialects in the Terai and hills are mostly unwritten with efforts underway to develop systems for writing many in Devanagari or the Roman alphabet. Nepal has five climatic zones, broadly corresponding to the altitudes. [214][215] They have their passports seized, to be returned when the employer grants them leave or terminates their contracts. For many other groups, men's traditional dresses consist of a shirt or a vest, paired with a dhoti, kachhad or lungi. From one of these, the Shakya polity, arose a prince who later renounced his status to lead an ascetic life, founded Buddhism, and came to be known as Gautama Buddha (traditionally dated 563–483 BCE). [269] By paying stipends for four antenatal visits to health centers and hospitalized delivery, Nepal decreased home-births from 81% in 2006[266] to 41% in 2016. It is the official language and serves as lingua franca among Nepali of different ethnolinguistic groups. [319] Volleyball was declared as the national sport of Nepal in 2017. It is an independent organization under the command of the Inspector General, who is appointed by and reports to the Ministry of Home Affairs. Nepal is a federal republic comprising 7 provinces. In the high himalayas, the traditional dresses are largely influenced by Tibetan culture. [223] All commercial fossil fuels (mainly oil, LPG and coal) are imported, spending 129% of the country's total export revenue. Africa's History & Migrations 200,000bc-3,000bc European Union (EU) (46.13%), the US (17.4%), and Germany (7.1%) are its main export partners; they mainly buy Nepali ready-made garments (RMG). [136] Nepal also has made progress in LGBT rights and gender equality. JBR Studio is our offical youtube channel. The political parties were banned and politicians imprisoned or exiled. RJPN and SPN advocating equal rights and self-governance for the Madhesi people became major political parties in the Terai, Province No. It is casually known as KTM or the Tri-City. Find out Capital of Nepal Answers. Population density is high in valleys but notably less above 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) and very low above 2,500 metres (8,200 ft), where snow occasionally falls in winter. [92] In the southern plains, Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands ecoregion contains some of the world's tallest grasses as well as Sal forests, tropical evergreen forests and tropical riverine deciduous forests. 2 synonyms for capital of Nepal: Kathmandu, Katmandu. [5] According to the 2011 census, Nepal's population was 26.5 million, almost a threefold increase from nine million in 1950. The war ended in the Sugauli Treaty, under which Nepal ceded recently captured lands. The emblem of Nepal depicts the snowy Himalayas, the forested hills, and the fertile Terai, supported by a wreath of rhododendrons, with the national flag at the crest and in the foreground, a plain white map of Nepal below it, and a man's and woman's right hands joined to signify gender equality. It contains the highest elevations in the world including 8,848 metres (29,029 ft) height Mount Everest (Sagarmāthā in Nepali) on the border with China. [222][221], The bulk of energy in Nepal comes from biomass (80%) and imported fossil fuels (16%). Nepali literature continued to modernise, and in recent years, has been strongly influenced by the post civil-war Nepali experience as well as global literary traditions.[298][299][300][293]. [219] Many Nepalese are believed to be working under slavery-like conditions, and Nepal spends billions of rupees rescuing stranded workers, on remuneration to the indebted families of the dead, and in legal costs for those arrested in foreign countries. [65][66], In 1996, the Maoist Party started a violent bid to replace the royal parliamentary system with a people's republic. Under the current trend, Nepal is expected to eradicate poverty within 20 years. 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