The soils of Cameroon may be roughly divided into three groups. Cameroon is located in West Central Africa. Visit each link on this page to read about the various aspects. It is slightly larger than the nation of Sweden and the state of California; Cameroon is comparable in size to Papua New Guinea. Omissions? Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. North of the Benue (Bénoué) River, the savanna plain that occupies the country’s centre declines in elevation as it approaches the Lake Chad basin. //--> Fishing for Signs of Evolution in Mysterious Volcanic Lakes They rely on the input of organic matter to replenish nutrient levels; interruption of this cycle leads to swift depletion and decrease in fertility. Mountainous area with amazing volcanic plugs – giant rock needles. Also Click on this link to other articles about environment related issues>>, Other related links: The economy | Culture | politics |. These features have created a degree of isolation and served as a barrier to frequent or large-scale migrations or conquests. If you have any contributions to make, please do not hesitate to contact us. Cameroon is situated by the Gulf of Guinea on the west coast of Africa. Cameroon also has some rivers and mountains, too (Examples- … The Gotel Mountains of the Adamawa Plateau trend from south to north, culminating in the Mandara Mountains of the northwest. The capital is Yaoundé, located in the south-central part of the country. Nana Nbendjo (General Secretary), University of Yaoundé I, Cameroon S. Zekeng (Treasurer, Head of the section Physics of Materials), University of Yaoundé I, Cameroon P. Louodop (Substitute Head, section Physics for development), University of Dschang,; P. Woafo (Head, section Physics and applications of Transducers and … Yaounde. #2 of 7 Sights & Landmarks in Yaounde. Highest Mountains In Cameroon By Gregory Sousa on April 25 2017 in Environment Mount Cameroon is the tallest mountain found in Cameroon. 2010). Mount Cameroon is the highest peak in the country, measuring in at 4095 metres whereas the lowest point is on the Atlantic Ocean. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. cathedrale de la paix, North 10, Yaunde, Camerun. Teacher Ohips Categories Academics, Grammar, Secondary Education, Upper-sixth Grammar, Upper-sixth Science Review (1 review) Curriculum Curriculum CoursesAcademicsSecondary EducationGrammarUpper-sixth GrammarUpper-sixth ScienceAdvanced Level Cameroon Geography Physical Features Cameroon Geography Physical Features 12 Lecture1.1 Introduction to Cameroon geography … Government . Its geographic coordinates are 6 00 N, 12 00 E and Yaounde is the capital city. Cameroon has over six ecological zones which reflect the climatic and physical milieu. The climate varies with the terrain. Nationality: Cameroonian, Ethnic groups: Cameroon Highlanders 30 percent, Equatorial Bantu 20 percent, Kirdi 10 percent, Fulani 10 percent, Northwestern Bantu 8 percent, Eastern Nigritic 7 percent, other African 13 percent, non-African less than 1 percent, Religious information on Cameroon: indigenous beliefs 41 percent, Christian 38 percent, Islam/Muslim faith 21 percent Languages: 24 major African languages, English (official), French (official) Literacy: definition: age 15 and over that can read and write total population: 80 percent male: 85 percent female: 75 percent (2003 estimate.) Until the late 19th century, English usage confined the term “the Cameroons” to the mountains, while the estuary was called the Cameroons River or, locally, the Bay. google_ad_width = 120; google_ad_slot = "5694055520"; Cameroon is home to a great diversity of cultures and animal wildlife, as well as amazing geographical features. Though more fertile than their counterparts in the south, these soils are susceptible to nutrient imbalances that can impede productivity. Incidence of these soils varies by region. Cameroon controls 12 nautical miles of the Atlantic Ocean. Differences in land elevations relative to the sea level are represented by color. It's flag's colors are green, red, and yellow. The humid coastal strip is tropical, with a mixture of rainforest and farmland. Cameroon, has an average annual rainfall of 405 inches (10,287 mm). Rivers in Northern Province, where annual wet and dry seasons occur, exhibit major seasonal fluctuations in volume. These are distinguished by dominant physical, climatic, and vegetative features. The second soil group is present mainly in the lower-precipitation northern regions. Updates? The area between the Adamawa and Lake Chad is occupied by the Savanna Plains. Cameroon Cameroon, in West Africa, is a mixture of desert plains in the north, mountains in the central regions, and tropical rain forests in the south. Cameroon, Mount kăm´əro͞on , active volcano, 13,354 ft (4,070 m) high, in the Cameroon Highlands, W Cameroon; highest point in W Africa. google_ad_width = 120; Location and Geography. Other central African countries are Angola, Central African … Cameroon, country lying at the junction of western and central Africa. Practically all rivers i… google_ad_width = 120; Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. British Cameroons (1916–61) and French Cameroun (1916–60), https://www.britannica.com/place/Cameroon, Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Cameroon, Cameroon - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Cameroon - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). window.google_render_ad(); Its area is 179,527 square miles (465,000 square kilometers). The third soil group is a general gathering of a number of young soils, including andosols, which are developed from volcanic ash and other matter, and the dark, clay-laden vertisols. Cameroon can be described as "Africa in miniature" because it exhibits all the major geographic features of the continent: mountains, desert, rain forest, savannah grassland, and ocean coastland. Cameroon National Park (est. //--> Cameroon, Mount. Thatch-covered conical roofs of cylindrical houses in a Matakam compound, Cameroon. The Benue River and its tributary, the Kébi, flow into the Niger River basin of Nigeria. Cameroon is sometimes called "Africa in miniature" as it features a variety of geographical regions like mountains, desert, savanna, rainforest, and coastal plains. Cameroon physical features Cameroon is located in Central Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria. Total: 70 deaths/1,000 live births female: 66 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 estimate.) /* 120x600, created 2/2/09 */ Its ethnically diverse population is among the most urban in western Africa. The relief is mostly mountainous, the result of a volcanic rift that extends northward from the island of Bioko. Cameroon is triangular in shape and is bordered by Nigeria to the northwest, Chad to the northeast, the Central African Republic to the east, the Republic of the Congo to the southeast, Gabon and Equatorial Guinea to the south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the southwest. The highest peak, at 4,095m (13,434ft) is Mount Cameroon, which lies close to the coast. google_ad_height = 600; Three primary watershed ridgelines divide the country: the centrally located Adamaoua Plateau, a poorly defined north-south ridgeline in Eastern Province, and the Cameroon Mountains. It’s a great destination for people who to view the beautiful topography this country has. The physical map above illustrates the country of Cameroon, from the low and marshy coastal area in the south to shores of Lake Chad in the extreme north. The southern region extends from the Sanaga River to the southern border and from the coast eastward to the Central African Republic and the Republic of the Congo. A lower iron content dictates the soils’ colouring, which ranges from gray to brown. It is nearly twice the size of Oregon. African Physical Geography > Cameroon, Mount ; Cite. The western region extends north and west from the Sanaga River and continues north along the Nigerian border as far as the Benue River. google_ad_height = 600; Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Logone and Chari rivers—which form part of the eastern border with Chad—drain into Lake Chad, whereas the Dja River joins the Sangha River and flows into the Congo River basin.