, The altitude of the district ranges from 1,262 m (4,140 ft) to 2,732 m (8,963 ft) above sea level. Before the earthquake of 2015, Kathmandu valley consisted of about 130 significant monuments and pilgrimage sites.  The team of Dr. Sanduk Ruit in Tilganga pioneered sutureless small-incision cataract surgery (SICS), a technique which has been used to treat 4 million of the world's 20 million people with cataract blindness. There are several four-star hotels such as Hotel Vaishali, Hotel Narayani, The Blue Star and Grand Hotel. The city is called Kāṣṭhamaṇḍap in a vow that Buddhist priests still recite to this day. 70% of the total population residing in Kathmandu are aged between 15 and 59. The only international football stadium in the city is the Dasharath Rangasala, a multi-purpose stadium used mostly for football matches and cultural events, in the neighbourhood of Tripureshwor. Free parking. Momo, a type of Nepali version of Tibetan dumpling, has become prominent in Nepal with many street vendors and restaurants selling it. The Licchavi era was followed by the Malla era. Most of the fairs and festivals in Kathmandu originated in the Malla period or earlier. , Kathmandu is home to a number of museums and art galleries, including the National Museum of Nepal and the Natural History Museum of Nepal. Tourism is considered another important industry in Nepal. The city is located to the north of the Bagmati river northwest of Kathmandu Valley. Furthermore, music from all over Nepal can be found in Kathmandu. The city has been referenced in numerous songs, including works by Cat Stevens ('Katmandu', Mona Bone Jakon (1970)), Bob Seger ('Katmandu', Beautiful Loser (1975)), Rush ('A Passage to Bangkok', Pulling into Kathmandu; 2112, 1976), Krematorij ('Kathmandu', Three Springs (2000)), Fito Páez (Tráfico por Katmandú – "Traffic through Kathmandu") and Cavalcade ('Kathmandu Kid') 2019. This procedure is followed in other temples around India, which were sanctified by Adi Shankaracharya.  These are as follows: The total population of the district is 1,744,240 out of which 913,001 are male and 831,239 female in 436,355 households. It pioneered the production of low cost intraocular lenses (IOLs), which are used in cataract surgery. Kathmandu has a number of cinemas (old single screen establishments and some new multiplexes) showing Nepali, Bollywood and Hollywood films.  An ancient canal once flowed from Nagarjuna hill through Balaju to Kathmandu; this canal is now extinct. In recent years, these festivals have found wider participation from other Kathmanduites as well. Kathmandu Valley was given the status of World Heritage Site in 1979 by UNESCO. The Kumari is believed to be a bodily incarnation of the goddess Taleju (the Nepali name for Durga) until she menstruates, after which it is believed that the goddess vacates her body. During medieval times, the city was sometimes called Kāntipur (Sanskrit: कान्तिपुर). The headquarters of many of the country's news outlets are also in the city including Kathmandu Tribune, the government-owned Gorkhapatra (the oldest national daily newspaper in Nepal), The Kathmandu Post, Nepali Times, Kantipur Publications and its paper Kantipur, Naya Patrika, The Himalayan Times, Karobar Economic Daily, Aarthik Abhiyan National Daily and Jana Aastha National Weekly. Wegen des herrschenden Sommermonsuns fallen die Nieder… , The ancient trade route between India and Tibet that passed through Kathmandu enabled a fusion of artistic and architectural traditions from other cultures to be amalgamated with local art and architecture. Nepali citizens who served as soldiers in Indian and British armies, who had converted to Christianity while in service, on return to Nepal continue to practice their religion. Rainfall has been recorded at about 1,400 millimetres (55.1 in) for the Kathmandu valley, and averages 1,407 millimetres (55.4 in) for the city of Kathmandu.  The 2015 earthquake caused severe damage to the Ministry of Education building, and the contents of the Kaiser Library have been temporarily relocated. Healthcare in Kathmandu is the most developed in Nepal, and the city and surrounding valley is home to some of the best hospitals and clinics in the country. The neighbourhood of Thamel is Kathmandu's primary "traveller's ghetto", packed with guest houses, restaurants, shops, and bookstores, catering to tourists. Kathmandu is the center of music and dance in Nepal, and these art forms are integral to understanding the city. The library is in possession of rare scholarly books in Sanskrit and English dating from the 17th century AD. buffalo) momo, chicken momo, and vegetarian momo are famous in Kathmandu. These museums include the Birendra museum, which contains items related to the second-last monarch, King Birendra.. , The green, vegetated slopes that surround the Kathmandu metro area (light grey, image centre) include both forest reserves and national parks. Kathmandu Kings XI represents Kathmandu in the Everest Premier League. After some time, a demon named Banasur closed the outlet, and the valley again turned into a lake. Kathmandu Holdings Limited is a transnational chain of retail stores, selling travel and adventure outdoor apparel and equipment. The significance of Chinese state councillor Wei Fenghe's visit will not be lost on New Delhi which, in recent times, has struggled to give its own relationship with Kathmandu a makeover. Nepal Television, established in 1985, is the oldest and most-watched television channel in Nepal, as is government-owned NTV Plus, Kantipur Television, Image Channel, Sagarmatha Telivision, Himalaya TV, AP1 TV and other channels. Tea is widely served but is extremely weak by western standards. It was founded in 723 by Raja Gunakamadeva. Since then, tourism in Nepal has thrived. Every year thousands of students apply for No Objection Certificates for studying abroad. "Narayanhiti" (Nepali: नारायणहिटी) comes from Narayana (Nepali: नारायण), a form of the Hindu god Lord Vishnu, and Hiti (Nepali: हिटी), meaning "water spout" (the temple of lord Vishnu is opposite to the palace, and the water spout is east of the main entrance to the precinct). This amalgamation is also reflected in the planning and exhibitions in museums and art galleries throughout Kathmandu and its sister cities of Patan and Bhaktapur. The Mahendra Museum is dedicated to the King Mahendra (1920–1972). The city water shortage should be solved by the completion of the much plagued Melamchi Water Supply Project by the end of 2019. Drinking and driving is illegal, and authorities have a zero-tolerance policy. Kathmandu is also home of some of the oldest cricket clubs in Nepal, such as Yengal Sports Club. In Nepal and Kathmandu, the annual premature deaths due to air pollution reached 37,399 and 9,943 respectively, according to a Republica news report published on 23 November, 2019. "A Kushan-period Sculpture from the reign of Jaya Varman, CE 185, Kathmandu, Nepal. Nepal Country-Specific Information: For statistics about COVID-19 in Nepal, please refer to https://covid19.ndrrma.gov.np/ . The average elevation is 1,400 metres (4,600 ft) above sea level. The literal meaning of Durbar Square is a "place of palaces." Kathmandu, the remarkable capital of Nepal, has a rich history dating back to the 12th century. Kathmandu district is one of the three districts located in Kathmandu Valley, which itself is located in the hills of Bagmati Province. It lies in a hilly region near the confluence of the Baghmati and Vishnumati rivers, at an elevation of 4,344 feet (1,324 metres) above sea level. Kathmandu's urban cosmopolitan character has made it the most populous city in Nepal, recording a population of 671,846 residents living in 235,387 households in the metropolitan area, according to the 2001 census. The stone inscription outside is in fifteen languages. Kathmandu had only one western-style restaurant in 1955. Consultancy firms specializing in preparing students to go abroad can be found in all prominent locations.  Since 2013, Turkish Airlines connects Istanbul to Kathmandu. Jewellery Kathmandu is a great place for jewellery, particularly silver. In Kathmandu, there are … Kathmandu is the television hub of Nepal. All visitors to the U.S. Embassy in Kathmandu must follow certain security procedures. The temple as it stands today was built in the 19th century, although the image of the bull and the black four-headed image of Pashupati are at least 300 years old. The district consists of 10 Municipalities and 1 Metrocity. Other bus companies including micro-bus companies operate several unscheduled routes. Kathmandu district is a part of Kathmandu valley, which is a melting pot of various cultural groups, ethnicities, races, languages and religions. Kathmandu is a retailer of clothing and equipment for travel and adventure in New Zealand and Australia. During the early part of this era, Kathmandu maintained its distinctive culture. Ward 16 is the largest, with an area of 437.4 ha; ward 26 is the smallest, with an area of 4 ha.. Musical performances are organized in cultural venues.  Kathmandu exports handicrafts, artworks, garments, carpets, pashmina, paper; trade accounts for 21% of its revenues. Kathmandu is a centre for art in Nepal, displaying the work of contemporary artists in the country and also collections of historical artists. , The ancient history of Kathmandu is described in its traditional myths and legends. For civic administration, the city is further divided into 35 administrative wards. Bagmati Province (Nepali: वाग्मती प्रदेश, Bagmati Pradesh) is one of the seven provinces of Nepal established by the constitution of Nepal as of 20 September 2015. It also has several outlets of the international ice-cream chain Baskin-Robbins.. Above all the tiers, there is a small space above which lies a gajur.  Jhochhen Tol, also known as Freak Street, is Kathmandu's original traveller's haunt, made popular by the hippies of the 1960s and 1970s; it remains a popular alternative to Thamel. The city is supported by specialist hospitals/clinics such as Shahid Shukraraj Tropical Hospital, Shahid Gangalal Foundation, Kathmandu Veterinary Hospital, Nepal Eye Hospital, Kanti Children's Hospital, Nepal International Clinic (Travel and Mountain Medicine Center), Neuro Center, Spinal Rehabilitation center and Bhaktapur Cancer Hospital. Since then, tourism has improved as the country transitioned into a republic. Kathmandu is your online outdoor and camping store, shop online now and choose from our wide range of Outdoor Supplies, Clothing & Equipment for Camping, Hiking & much more at Kathmandu.  They have the three highest population densities in the country. It was originally built as a rest house for travellers. During this massacre, most of Nepal's high-ranking officials were massacred by Jang Bahadur Rana and his supporters. It is the second oldest university in Nepal, established in November 1991. Kathmandu Municipal Corporation (KMC) is the chief nodal agency for the administration of Kathmandu. It is richer and contains tea leaves boiled with milk, sugar, and spices. Any visitor who declines to be screened by U.S. Embassy security personnel will be unable to enter the embassy. 2.5 storied house on sale at Nayapati, Gokarneshwor Nagarpalika-2, Kathmandu. The economic output of the metropolitan area of around Rs. In economic terms, the foreign exchange registered 3.8% of the GDP in 1995/96 but then started declining. The museums display unique artefacts and paintings from the 5th century CE to the present day, including archeological exportation. , The spelling "Katmandu" was often used in older English-language text. The annual amount of precipitation was 1,124 millimetres (44.3 in) for 2005, as per monthly data included in the table above. Mooldevshashidev), law, morals, and history. The festivities such as the Ghode (horse) Jatra, Indra Jatra, Dashain Durga Puja festivals, Shivratri and many more are observed by all Hindu and Buddhist communities of Kathmandu with devotional fervor and enthusiasm. The three-storey structure was made entirely of wood and used no iron nails nor supports. In Nepal the selection process is very rigorous. making 25%, Khas Brahmin at 20%, Khas Chhetri at 18.5%, and the remaining 8% are occupied by Khas occupational castes Kami, Damai, etc., and the Terai groups including Madhesi castes and Terai Janajatis/Adivasis like Tharus. Since the 1960s, the permanent Tibetan Buddhist population of Kathmandu has risen significantly so that there are now over fifty Tibetan Buddhist monasteries in the area. Weiterhin haben Sie hier die Möglichkeit, diese Webcam zu myCams hinzuzufügen. The seven monuments zones cover an area of 189 hectares (470 acres), with the buffer zone extending to 2,394 hectares (5,920 acres). The Bagmati river which flows through Kathmandu is considered a holy river both by Hindus and Buddhists, and many Hindu temples are on the banks of this river.  A mini theatre has been opened at the Hanumandhoka Durbar Square, established by the Durbar Conservation and Promotion Committee. Trolleybusses used to operate on the route between Tripureshwor and Suryabinayak on a 13-kilometer route. Most of the general hospitals are in the city center, although several clinics are elsewhere in Kathmandu district. On November 10, a group with banner “Nationalist Civic Society” staged a demonstration in Jamal of Kathmandu, demanding restoration of constitutional monarchy and announce Nepal a Hindu state. In the Kathmandu Valley, which is representative of its valley's climate, the average summer temperature varies from 28 to 30 °C (82 to 86 °F). Both systems are common and established in India and neighbouring countries.. Rome2rio makes travelling from State of Bihār to Kathmandu easy. The kings of this period directly influenced or involved themselves in the construction of public buildings, squares, and temples, as well as the development of waterspouts, the institutionalisation of trusts (called guthis), the codification of laws, the writing of dramas, and the performance of plays in city squares. KMC's first international relationship was established in 1975 with the city of Eugene, Oregon, United States. Another massacre, the Bhandarkhal Massacre, was also conducted by Kunwar and his supporters in Kathmandu. On average humidity is 75%.  Every year the stupa attracts many Tibetan Buddhist pilgrims who perform full body prostrations in the inner lower enclosure, walk around the stupa with prayer wheels, chant, and pray. It is the largest stadium in Nepal with a capacity of 25,000 spectators, built in 1956. The archives, in Kulambhulu, have a collection of some 6,000 loose-leaf handwritten books and 1,000 palm-leaf manuscripts (mostly in Sanskrit or Nepal Bhasa) and a manuscript dated to 1464.. Kathmandu also contains the Kaiser Library, in the Kaiser Mahal on the ground floor of the Ministry of Education building.  The sport is governed by the National Sports Council from its headquarters in Kathmandu. The following data table describes these districts which likely would be considered an agglomeration: Five major climatic regions are found in Nepal. The Licchavis from the Indo-Gangetic plain migrated north and defeated the Kiratas, establishing the Licchavi dynasty, circa 400 AD. The world's largest Chhath takes place every year in Ranipokhari. It was established in 1972 and started to impart medical education from 1978. The oldest of these findings is a statue, found in Maligaon, that was dated at 185 AD. The enclosed compound of the Narayanhiti Palace Museum is in the north-central part of Kathmandu.  Internationally, the British-based charity, the Kathmandu Contemporary Art Centre is involved with promoting arts in Kathmandu. Other major institutions include Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Kathmandu Medical College, Nepal Medical College, KIST Medical College, Nepal Army Institute of Health Sciences, National Academy of Medical Sciences (NAMS) and Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences (KUSMS), are also in or around Kathmandu. This was mostly due to the annual variation of the southwest monsoon. The major languages are Nepali and Nepal Bhasa, while English is understood by many, particularly in the service industry. Kānti is a word that stands for "beauty" and is mostly associated with light and Pur means place, thus giving it the meaning, "City of light". An earlier temple of Sikhism is also present in Kathmandu which is now defunct. This indicates, around a quarter of the total deaths due to air pollution in Nepal are in Kathmandu.. The city of Kathmandu forms this district along with 10 other municipalities, namely Budanilkantha, Chandragiri, Dakshinkali, Gokarneshwar, Kageshwari Manohara, Kirtipur, Nagarjun, Shankharapur, Tarakeshwar and Tokha. Mit dem RegenRadar verfolgen Sie live Regen, Schnee und Wolken. Eventually, the Licchavi ruler Gunakamadeva merged Koligram and Dakshin Koligram, founding the city of Kathmandu. It is headed by a commissioner of police.  Boudhanath became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979. For example, Araniko led a group of his compatriot artists through Tibet and China. Water supply and sanitation facilities are provided by the Kathmandu Upatyaka Khanepani Limited (KUKL). Real estate properties in Kathmandu for sale Browse 200+ brand new post earthquake constructed houses for sale in Kathmandu Nepal. Another neighbourhood of growing popularity is Jhamel, a name for Jhamsikhel that was coined to rhyme with Thamel. Over the years the city has been home to people of various ethnicities, resulting in a range of different traditions and cultural practices. Sanskrit schools were specially set up in Kathmandu and in the Terai region to inculcate traditional Hindu culture and practices originated from Nepal.  Manufacturing is also important and accounts for 19% of the revenue that Kathmandu generates. Notable hospitals include Bir Hospital, Nepal Medical College and Teaching Hospital (Jorpati), Tribhuvan University Institute of Medicine (Teaching Hospital), Patan Hospital, Kathmandu Model Hospital, Scheer Memorial Hospital, Om Hospital, Norvic Hospital, Grande International Hospital, Nobel Hospital and many more. Sollte die Webcam oder der Link dorthin defekt sein, melden Sie dieses bitte hier. According to legends, all the timber used to build the pagoda was obtained from a single tree. The Metropolitan Police is a division of the Nepal Police, and the administrative control lies with the Ministry of Home Affairs. Durbar High School (the first school of Nepal), Trichandra College (the first college of Nepal), Padma Kanya College (the first women's college) are all located in Kathmandu city. During the Kirata era, a settlement called Yambu existed in the northern half of old Kathmandu. , The Kathmandu Metropolitan City (KMC), in order to promote international relations, has established an International Relations Secretariat (IRC). Places in Kathmandu – Kathmandu Durbar Square Kathmandu Durbar Square is one of three Durbar (royal palace) Squares in the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal, all of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. With mass migration to the city, the cultures of Khas from the west, Kirats from the east, Bon/Tibetan from the north, and Mithila from the south meet in the capital and mingle harmoniously. We've got you covered with weekend flight deals from Kathmandu to United States. Kathmandu valley has had this art treasure for a very long time, but received worldwide recognition only after the country opened to the outside world in 1950. This consists of rice and lentil soup, generally served with vegetable curries, achar and sometimes Chutney. The Malla Dynasty was the ruling dynasty of the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal from 1201 to 1779. To the north the urban area extends into several municipalities; Nagarjun, Tarakeshwor, Tokha, Budhanilkantha, Gokarneshwor and Kageshwori Manohara.  Kathmandu is famous for lokta paper and pashmina shawls. However, the urban agglomeration extends well beyond the neighbouring municipalities, e.g. Music is a part of the traditional aspect of Kathmandu. Cultural continuity has been maintained for centuries in the exclusive worship of goddesses and deities in Kathmandu and the rest of the country.  The trade route also led to cultural exchange as well. Also of note is the Moti Azima Gallery, in a three-storied building in Bhimsenthan which contains an impressive collection of traditional utensils and handmade dolls and items typical of a medieval Newar house, giving an important insight into Nepali history. From Sankhu, they migrated to Yambu and Yengal (Lanjagwal and Manjupattan) and established the first permanent Buddhist monasteries of Kathmandu. Kathmandu is dissected by eight rivers, the main river of the valley, the Bagmati and its tributaries, of which the Bishnumati, Dhobi Khola, Manohara Khola, Hanumante Khola, and Tukucha Khola are predominant. The china (Nepali: चिना), an ancient Hindu astrological report, of the Kumari and the reigning king was ought to be similar.  Regionally, several Nepali airlines operate from the city, including Buddha Air, Nepal Airlines, Shree Airlines and Yeti Airlines to other major towns across Nepal. Newar artists travelled extensively throughout Asia, creating religious art for their neighbours. Buff (meat of water buffalo) is very common. Kathmandu is home to the oldest football clubs of Nepal such as Ranipokhari Corner Team (RCT), Sankata Club and New Road Team (NRT). The colophons of ancient manuscripts, dated as late as the 20th century, refer to Kathmandu as Kāṣṭhamaṇḍap Mahānagar in Nepal Mandala. Kathmandu is home to several international and regional organizations, including the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC). Im Mittel liegen die Tageshöchsttemperaturen in Kathmandu im Juni bei 24 °C, die mittleren Tiefsttemperaturen im Januar liegen bei 7 °C. Serious illness or a major loss of blood from an injury are also causes for her to revert to common status. Kasthamandap stands at the intersection of two ancient trade routes linking India and Tibet at Maru square. Kathmandu Regency Hotel. Kathmandu is a city where ancient traditions are zealously guarded while at the same time embracing modern technology. He brought some Gopals along with him and made Bhuktaman the king of Nepal..  Starting in early 2017, the Government of Nepal and the Embassy of the United States in Kathmandu have monitored and publicly share real-time air quality data. This vibrant culture is illustrated in the culture of the natives of the district, known as Newars, who are a multiethnic, multiracial, multireligious people bound by a Sanskritized Sino-Tibetan language of Kirat origins known as Nepal Bhasa.  Shivaratri, or the night of Lord Shiva, is the most important festival that takes place here, attracting thousands of devotees and sadhus. It holds biannual meetings to review, process and approve the annual budget and make major policy decisions. , The Tribhuvan Museum contains artifacts related to King Tribhuvan (1906–1955). Evidence of an influx of ideas from India, Tibet, China, Persia, and Europe among other places can be found in a stone inscription from the time of king Pratap Malla. , Coordinates: 27°42′N 85°18′E / 27.7°N 85.3°E / 27.7; 85.3, "National Population and Housing Census 2011 – General and Social Characteristics Table", 2011 Nepal Census, Social Characteristics Tables, UN.org: UN map of VDC boundaries, water features and roads in Kathmandu, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kathmandu_District&oldid=990215475, Nepal districts established during Rana regime or before, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from August 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 November 2020, at 13:22. Auf Tripadvisor finden Sie alles für Kathmandu, Kathmandu Valley: 276.034 unabhängige Bewertungen von Hotels, Restaurants und Sehenswürdigkeiten sowie authentische Reisefotos.  Thousands of prayer flags are hoisted up from the top of the stupa downwards and dot the perimeter of the complex. One of the key concerns of educationists and concerned citizens is the massive outflux of students from Nepal to outside Nepal for studies. Previously, during the time of monarchy, the queen and the priests used to appoint the proposed Kumari with delicate process of astrological examination and physical examination of 32 'gunas'.  Continental cuisine can be found in selected places. Outside of Nepal: +977-1-4234000  According to the 2016 World Health Organization's Ambient Air Pollution Database, the annual average PM2.5 (particulate matter) concentration in 2013 was 49 μg/m3, which is 4.9 times higher than recommended by the World Health Organization. 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For art in Nepal and is distributed in two quadrangles of the word Kasthamandap design... 5Th century Hindu temple in Kathmandu alone there are over 108 traditional monasteries ( Bahals and Baháʼís ) Kathmandu. Establishing diplomatic relations with other nations further accentuated this activity offices and industries of Nepal which are in! For Regional Cooperation ( SAARC ) # 3 best Value of 1,421 places to in! 70 ] Internationally, the spelling `` Kathmandu '' has become more common in English [.
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