Oktober 1950 in San Francisco) war ein amerikanischer Sänger und Entertainer. Often performing inblackface, especially in the songs he made popular, such as "Swanee", "My Mammy", and "Rock-A-Bye Your Baby With A Dixie Melody". They would occasionally wager a bottle of whisky on these bouts. ":54 Film historian George Custen describes this "common scenario, in which the hero is vindicated for innovations that are initially greeted with resistance ... [T]he struggle of the heroic protagonist who anticipates changes in cultural attitudes is central to other white jazz biopics such as The Glenn Miller Story (1954) and The Benny Goodman Story (1955)". In 1920, Jolson began a relationship with Broadway actress Alma Osbourne (known professionally as Ethel Delmar); the two were married in August 1922. , But on the opening night of Bombo, and the first performance at the new theatre, he suffered from extreme stage fright, walking up and down the streets for hours before showtime. In this way, Jolson used comedy to poke fun at the prevalent idea of "white supremacy." Jolson and his wife were in the audience along with a thousand others, and George Jessel was emcee. Hecht was also active in the promotion of civil rights: "Hecht film stories featuring black characters included Hallelujah, I'm a Bum, co-starring Edgar Connor as Al Jolson's sidekick, in a politically savvy rhymed dialogue over Richard Rodgers music. A few of the people and places that have been influenced by Jolson: "50th Anniversary Year of Talking Pictures" stamp on first-day-of-issue cover featuring Jolson;Neil Diamond, 1922 sheet music*California, Here I Come (1924), (Album No. He points out that Wilson's ideas of what a stage performer could do to keep their act an "exciting" and "thrilling performance" was shaped by Jolson's acts, "full of wild writhing and excessive theatrics." Wonder entertains and banters with his international clientele.":97. And talk about integration: Hell, when the band and I got out to Hollywood, we were treated like pure royalty. Music historian Bob Gulla writes that "the most critical influence in Jackie Wilson's young life was Al Jolson." ", According to film historian Scott Eyman, "by the film's end, the Warner brothers had shown an audience something they had never known, moved them in a way they hadn't expected. He died just weeks after returning to the U.S., partly owing to the physical exertion of performing. He has crossed the Atlantic by plane to take song and cheer to the troops in Britain and Northern Ireland. . He tells Dockstader that he wants to sing what he has just experienced: 'I heard some music tonight, something they call jazz. His next movie - his first with Twentieth Century-Fox - was Rose of Washington Square, in 1939. His singing style was "sentimental [and] melodramatic". ":46, Before returning to the U.S., General Douglas MacArthur, leader of UN forces, gave him a medallion inscribed "To Al Jolson from Special Services in appreciation of entertainment of armed forces personnel ‑ Far East Command”, with his entire itinerary inscribed on the reverse side. Writer Neal Gabler called the story "an assimilationist fable," but the story was "close to the true story of Al Jolson," notes author Helen Epstein, "as well as a paradigm for a generation of sons of all kinds of immigrants. Then later, without warning, during the middle of the show, Jessel says, "Ladies and gentlemen, this is the easiest introduction I ever had to make. Asa Yoelson, nado en Seredzius o 26 de maio de 1886 e finado en San Francisco o 23 de outubro de 1950, foi un cantante, actor, guionista e director de música estadounidense de orixe lituana, coñecido como Al Jolson.Jolson foi alcumado "o rei da blackface",   convención teatral dende mediados do século XIX. Writer Hal Kanter recalled that Jolson's own idea of his television debut would be a corporate-sponsored, extra-length spectacular that would feature him as the only performer, and would be telecast without interruption. began to set up a formal program overseas, the excitable Jolson was deluging War and Navy Department brass with phone calls and wires. Who needs funds? The film was even more popular than The Jazz Singer, and held the record for box-office attendance for eleven years, until broken by Gone with the Wind. ), bio je hvaljeni američki pjevač, komičar i glumac rodom iz Litve, te jedan od prvih američkih profesionalnih zabavljača koji nije krio svoje židovsko porijeklo. In 1909, Al's singing caught the attention of Lew Dockstader, who was the producer and star of Dockstader's Minstrels. During their time with Palmer, they were able to gain bookings in a nationwide tour. While performing in a Brooklyn theater in 1904, Al decided on a new approach and began wearing blackface makeup. " With Warner Bros., Al Jolson made his first "all-talking" picture, The Singing Fool (1928) — the story of a driven entertainer who insisted upon going on with the show even as his small son lay dying, and its signature tune, "Sonny Boy," became the first American record to sell one million copies. However, live performances were falling in popularity as nickelodeon theaters captured audiences; by 1908, nickelodeon theaters were dominant throughout New York City as well. That night, Jolson took over two hundred of the church's kids to see Jolson Sings Again at the Hippodrome Theatre. "I remember The Jazz Singer, when Al Jolson just burst into song, and there was a little bit of dialogue. According to Cemetery Guide, Jolson's widow purchased a plot at Hillside and commissioned his mausoleum to be designed by well-known black architect Paul Williams. At his funeral, black actors lined the way, they really appreciated what he’d done for them. The opening night drew a huge crowd to the theater, and that evening Jolson gained audience popularity by singing old Stephen Foster songs in blackface. The brothers worked for the William Morris Agency. Al Jolson (1886–1950) sister projects: Wikipedia article, Commons gallery, Commons category, Wikidata item. Jolson did not know the date of his birth, so he later chose to celebrate it as May 26, 1886. Some fellows just make it up as they go along. 'What are they talkin' about', he thundered. , He was interred in the Hillside Memorial Park Cemetery in Culver City, California. The song "I Love to Singa" later appeared in Tex Avery's cartoon of the same name. Wilson felt that Jolson, along with Louis Jordan, another of his idols, "should be considered the stylistic forefathers of rock and roll. ... Last night's audience was flatteringly unwilling to go home, and when the show proper was over, Jolson reappeared before the curtain and sang more songs, old and new. "I remember 'The Jazz Singer,' when Al Jolson just burst into song, and there was a little bit of dialogue. However, these films gradually proved a cycle of diminishing returns due to their comparative sameness, the regal salary that Jolson demanded, and a general shift in public tastes away from the vaudeville-style musical as the 1930s began. 1949), and remained married until Al's death in 1950.:293-298. . It was a very big thing, like The Birth of a Nation.". "[A]nd a lean, smiling Jolson drove himself without letup through 42 shows in 16 days. King recalls what happened next: The place is going wild. . He has called at Dutch‑like Curaçao. Jolson's black stage persona, called "Gus" was a wily and wise-cracking servant who was always smarter than his white masters, frequently helping them out of problems they created for themselves. And here you have the definition of a born comedian.  After taking the show on the road for a season, he returned in May, 1923, to perform Bombo at "his first love", the Winter Garden. .  A few months later, an important bridge, named the "Al Jolson Bridge", was used to withdraw the bulk of American troops from North Korea. You saw them at the studio, you know, nice—but they didn't invite. I knew the same was true today, so I told the people in Washington that I would go anywhere and do an act for the Army. I am proud to have basked in the sunlight of his greatness, to have been part of his time. And in 2006, Jolson had a street in New York named after him with the help of the Al Jolson Society. , While growing up, he had many black friends, including Bill 'Bojangles' Robinson, who later became a legendary tap dancer. Finally, Jolson stepped in and said to Arlen, 'Look, Cab knows what he wants to do; let him do it his way.' His specialty was building stage runways extending out into the audience. '" "Everybody was mad for the talkies," said movie star Gregory Peck in a Newsweek interview. The message was as much an assault on the Jolson sense of patriotism as the actual crossing of the 38th Parallel had been. The world was in bloom There were stars in the skies Except for the few That were there in your eyes.  Celebrities paid tribute: Bob Hope, speaking from Korea via short wave radio, said the world had lost "not only a great entertainer, but also a great citizen." He has called at Dutch‑like Curaçao. , Jazz historians have described Jolson's blackface and singing style as metaphors for Jewish and black suffering throughout history. Some fellows just make it up as they go along. He was trying to change my style and I was fighting it. Then later, without warning, during the middle of the show, Jessel says, "Ladies and gentlemen, this is the easiest introduction I ever had to make. A világ legnagyobb szórakoztatójának titulálták. He knew that Jolson had been one of America's most well-known and popular entertainers. , He was interred in the Hillside Memorial Park Cemetery in Culver City, California. He asked Al, privately, to perform at least one song. I loved him. Sing!' Al Jolson, born as Asa Yoelson, was a popular American singer and comedian who was called ‘The World’s Greatest Entertainer’ at the peak of his career. However, live performances were fading in popularity, as nickelodeon theaters captured audiences; by 1908, nickelodeon theaters were completely dominant throughout New York City as well.  As early as 1911 he became known for fighting against anti-black discrimination on Broadway. , Poster for Hallelujah, I'm a Bumwith unused title;The Singing Fool (1928). Adapted from the stage play of the same name, but with a new score, this was Jolson's only film done all in blackface. " Film historian George Custen describes this "common scenario, in which the hero is vindicated for innovations that are initially greeted with resistance ... [T]he struggle of the heroic protagonist who anticipates changes in cultural attitudes is central to other white jazz biopics such as The Glenn Miller Story(1954) and The Benny Goodman Story (1955)". After that, Arlen left me alone. Then he says, 'I'd like to introduce you to my bride,' and this lovely young thing gets up and takes a bow. Upon release of the film, the first full-length sound picture, film reviewers saw the symbolism and metaphors portrayed by Jolson in his role as the son of a cantor wanting to become a "jazz singer": According to Alexander, East European Jews were uniquely qualified to understand the music, noting how Jolson himself made the comparison of Jewish and African-American suffering in a new land in his film Big Boy: In a blackface portrayal of a former slave, he leads a group of recently freed slaves, played by black actors, in verses of the classic slave spiritual "Go Down Moses." On one occasion - which was another factor in his on-off relationship with Al - Harry offered to be Al's agent, but Al rejected the offer, worried about the pressure that he would have faced from his producers for hiring his brother as his agent. 1886. May McAvoy, Jolson's costar remembered that "[the] police were there to control the crowds. "She pinned herself against a wall in the dark and watched the faces in the crowd. Anniversary Song This song is by Al Jolson and appears on the album The Best Of The Decca Years (1996). 6622 Hollywood Blvd. Accessed online 2 February 2008. He was the fifth and youngest child of Moses Reuben Yoelson (January 1858-December 23, 1945) and Nechama "Naomi" Cantor (1858-February 6, 1895); his four siblings were Rose, Etta, another sister who died in infancy, and Hirsch (Harry). With a song, a word, or even a suggestion he calls forth spontaneous laughter. When Jolson appeared on Steve Allen's KNX Los Angeles radio show in 1949 to promote Jolson Sings Again, he offered his curt opinion of the burgeoning television industry: "I call it smell-evision." Al Jolson (26 Mei 1886-23 Oktober 1950) merupakan seorang penyanyi, komedian, dan aktor berkebangsaan Amerika Serikat.Dia merupakan satu dari orang yang terkenal pada abad ke-20 di bidang hiburan termasuk Bing Crosby, Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin, Judy Garland, Sammy Davis, Jr., Eddie Fisher, Jerry Lewis, Elvis Presley, Tom Jones, dan Michael Jackson.Dia berkarier di dunia film dan … This opinion is shared by Mast and Kawin: ...this moment of informal patter at the piano is the most exciting and vital part of the entire movie...when Jolson acquires a voice, the warmth, the excitement, the vibrations of it, the way its rambling spontaneity lays bare the imagination of the mind that is making up the sounds ...[and] the addition of a Vitaphone voice revealed the particular qualities of Al Jolson that made him a star. he brought an all-black dance team from San Francisco that he tried to feature in his Broadway show; he was "the only white man allowed into an all black nightclub in, 6622 Hollywood Blvd. Within a month Jolson was a star.  Between 1911 and 1928, Jolson had nine sell-out Winter Garden shows in a row, more than 80 hit records, and 16 national and international tours. Newspaper columnist and radio reporter Walter Winchell said. ":54, The Jolson Story and its sequel Jolson Sings Again (1949) introduced a new generation to Jolson.  After taking the show on the road for a season, he returned in May 1923, to perform Bombo at "his first love", the Winter Garden. Yet for all his success in live venues, Al Jolson is possibly best remembered today for his numerous recordings and for starring in The Jazz Singer (1927), the first nationally distributed feature film that included dialogue sequences as well as music and sound effects. After Dockstader refuses to accommodate Jolson's revolutionary concept, the narrative chronicles his climb to stardom as he allegedly injects jazz into his blackface performances ... Jolson's success is built on anticipating what Americans really want. Arlen was the songwriter for many of the finest Cotton Club revues, but he had done some interpretations for The Singing Kid that I just couldn't go along with. Scripps-Howard newspapers drew a pair of white gloves on a black background. But history must record the name Jolson, who in the twilight of his life sang his heart out in a foreign land, to the wounded and to the valiant. One reviewer of the film expressed how Jolson’s blackface added significance to his role: Many in the black community welcomed The Jazz Singer, and saw it as a vehicle to gain access to the stage.  His career lasted from 1911 until his death in 1950, during which time he was commonly dubbed "the world's greatest entertainer”. When the weather got too bad, he stayed in his room at a local hotel, but eventually ran out of money and was forced to sleep in a wagon near the East River. He points out that Wilson's ideas of what a stage performer could do to keep their act an "exciting" and "thrilling performance" was shaped by Jolson's acts, "full of wild writhing and excessive theatrics." Jolson's dynamic voice, physical mannerisms, and charisma held the audience spellbound. The next year, Jolson was named "Personality of the Year" by the Variety Clubs of America. Jolson's well-known theatrics and his promotion of equality on Broadway helped pave the way for many black performers, playwrights, and songwriters, including Cab Calloway, Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, Fats Waller, and Ethel Waters.  In November, 2007, a similar documentary, A Look at Al Jolson, was winner at the same festival. Stanley Watkins would always remember Jolson signing autographs after the show, tears streaming down his face. :147 "Once we accept a semantic change from singing to playing the clarinet, The Benny Goodman Story becomes an almost transparent reworking of The Jazz Singer ... and The Jolson Story. Although Main had hired Jolson as an usher, Main was impressed by Jolson's singing voice and gave him a position as a singer during the circus's Indian Medicine Side Show segment. Larry Parks wrote, in a personal tribute to Jolson: "Stepping into his shoes was, for me, a matter of endless study, observation, energetic concentration to obtain, perfectly if possible, a simulation of the kind of man he was. He was survived by his wife and their two recently adopted children. The audience, transformed into what one critic called, 'a milling, battling mob' stood, stamped, and cheered 'Jolson, Jolson, Jolson! '":140, At the end of the film, Jolson rose from his seat and ran down to the stage. The only ones that ever invited us home for a visit was Al Jolson and RubyKeeler. The caption read, "The Song Is Ended.":300. In the wake of that phenomenal opening night, Jolson was given a position in the show's cast. Al Jolson - Indiana Jones Wiki - Raiders of the Lost Ark, Temple of Doom, Last Crusade, Kingdom of the Crystal Skull, Young Indy, and more! Upon doing his first, and unannounced, show in England in 1942, the reporter for the Hartford Courant wrote, "... it was a panic. They were, perhaps unwittingly, dramatizing some of their own ambivalence about the debt first-generation Americans owed their parents.:142. Norwood, Stephen Harlan, and Pollack, Eunice G. Cooke, Alistair. According to the St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture, "Jolson was to jazz, blues, and ragtime what Elvis Presley was to rock 'n' roll." With Warner Bros., Al Jolson made his first "all-talking" picture, The Singing Fool (1928) — the story of a driven entertainer who insisted upon going on with the show even as his small son lay dying, and its signature tune, "Sonny Boy," became the first American record to sell one million copies. , The Singing Kid was not one of the studio's major attractions (it was released by the First National subsidiary), and Jolson did not even rate star billing. – 23.10. , While growing up, Jolson had many black friends, including Bill "Bojangles" Robinson, who later became a prominent tap dancer. Defense Secretary George Marshall afterward awarded the Medal of Merit to Jolson's family. Wilson felt that Jolson, along with Louis Jordan, another of his idols, "should be considered the stylistic forefathers of rock and roll.  As early as 1911 he became known for fighting against black discrimination on Broadway.  As early as 1911, at the age of 25, Jolson was already noted for fighting discrimination on the Broadway stage and later in his movies:. Jolson and his wife were in the audience along with a thousand others, and George Jessel was emcee. By 1920, Jolson had become the biggest star on Broadway. Kecuali jika diatur berbeda (berdasarkan parameter state dalam kode templat), maka state yang digunakan yakni autocollapse sebagai opsi keadaan standar. He enjoyed singing the new jazz-style of music. Frenchy got on the phone to California, spoke to someone connected with the film and the next thing I knew the band and I were booked into Chicago on our way to California for the film, The Singing Kid. He is the old-time minstrel man turned to modern account. Even before the U.S.O. Yet he's best remembered today for his leading role in the first (full length) talking movie ever made, The Jazz Singer, released in 1927.  And in 1949, the movie Jolson Sings Again recreated some scenes showing Jolson during his war tours. kids around with Sophie and gets a few laughs, but the people are yelling, 'Sing! 'Funds? His singing style was "sentimental [and] melodramatic". 'No one seems to know anything about the USO, and it's up to President Truman to get me there.' I went around during the last war and I saw that the boys needed something besides chow and drills. Asa was able to avoid financial troubles by forming a vaudeville partnership with his brother Hirsch, now a vaudeville performer who was known as Harry Yoelson. Author Stephen Banfield agreed, writing that Jolson's style was "arguably the single most important factor in defining the modern musical....". The screenplay was to be written by Herbert Baker, writer of the 1980 version of The Jazz Singer starring Neil Diamond. '", On September 17, 1950, a dispatch from 8th Army Headquarters, Korea, announced, "Al Jolson, the first top-flight entertainer to reach the war-front, landed here today by plane from Los Angeles..." Jolson traveled to Korea at his own expense. Larry Parks wrote, in a personal tribute to Jolson, producers Jerry Wald and Norman Krasna to star in a new movie, Stars and Stripes for Ever, about a U.S.O. 'Sing! Vienas iš populiariausių XX a. Jason remembers that Berkeley worked on the film although he is not credited.. The boy’s heart and soul are with the modern music. In 1927, he starred in The Jazz Singer, the first full-length talking motion picture. A few weeks later, the Jolsons were received by President Harry Truman at the White House. , In the spring of 1902, he accepted a job with Walter L. Main's Circus. The show closed after 104 performances, and during its run Jolson's popularity grew greatly. they're screaming again. 'This is a cantor!'"  The bridge was the last remaining of three bridges across theHan River and was used to evacuate UN forces. No. Three weeks later, Jolson saw a production of George M. Cohan's Rise of Rosie O'Reilly, and noticed she was in the show's cast.  Playwright Samson Raphaelson, after seeing Jolson perform his stage show Robinson Crusoe, stated that "he had an epiphany: 'My God, this isn’t a jazz singer,' he said. American actor and singer Al Jolson . He introduced her to the same priest, Father Benjamin, who watched over him.  (Jolson's first Technicolor appearance was in a cameo in the musical Show Girl in Hollywood (1930) from First National Pictures, a Warner Bros.  To support his view he describes a significant part of the movie: "While wandering around New Orleans before a show with Dockstader's Minstrels, he enters a small club where a group of black jazz musicians are performing. He paid for part of the transportation out of his own pocket. After his death his influence continued unabated with such performers as Sammy Davis Jr., Elvis Presley, Mick Jagger, David Bowie, Jackie Wilson and Jerry Lee Lewis all mentioning him as an inspiration. Al Jolson, Actor: The Jazz Singer. Defense Secretary George Marshall presenting the Medal for Merit to Jolson's family. A new song was later added to the show that would become composer George Gershwin's first hit recording, "Swanee". For the full sheet music, see Wikisource. Jolson first heard African-American music, such as jazz, blues, and ragtime, played in the back alleys of New Orleans, Louisiana. :117, But on the opening night of Bombo, and the first performance at the new theatre, he suffered from extreme stage fright, walking up and down the streets for hours before showtime. With his unique and dynamic style of singing black music, like jazz and blues, he was later credited with single-handedly introducing African-American music to white audiences. His death unleashed tributes from all over the world, including a number of eulogies from friends, including George Jessel, Walter Winchell, and Eddie Cantor. ":151, In a recent interview, Clarence 'Frogman' Henry, one of the most popular and respected jazz singers of New Orleans, said, "Jolson? subsidiary.) C. Wittke, Tambo and Bones: A History of the American Minstrel Stage (1930, repr. a few weeks later. He demanded permission to go anywhere in the world where there is an American serviceman who wouldn’t mind listening to ‘Sonny Boy’ or ‘Mammy’.... [and] early in 1942, Jolson became the first star to perform at a GI base in World War II".
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