, People in 14 cities in Hunan were affected, and 25,300 houses collapsed at the time of the report. Seven of the 25 medium and large reservoirs in Jilin City were forced to discharge, including Fengman Reservoir, the largest reservoir on the Songhua, at a rate of 4,500 cubic metres (160,000 cu ft). It was aimed at both generating power and reining in the ferocious Yangtze, the cause of many terrible floods in Chinese history. Flooding first started in June, and over 1,000,000 people were evacuated in the province since July, a record for the province, more than four million were affected. , The Wenquan Reservoir in the province, 130 kilometres (81 mi) upstream from Golmud, was overfilled with 230 million cubic metres (300 million cu yd) of water, while it was only designed to hold 70 million cubic metres (92 million cu yd), creating a water level 1.18 metres (1.29 yd) above the warning line. , More than 1,100 rescue workers searched to find the remaining victims, including up to 30 children and infants, and eight of the original missing turned up alive. Officials in Hubei province have reported that as of July 22, more than 176,000 hectares of cotton were impacted by heavy rain this year, with 87,750 hectares suffering damage and 11,700 hectares destroyed. , Residents of the city of Ganzhou were protected from the flooding by drains built in the area during the Song Dynasty.  The total damages from the floods were roughly 83.8 billion yuan as of June 27, 2010, and over 275 billion yuan (41 billion USD) by August 8. , Other areas of Northern and Northeastern China received flooding rains, including Liaoning, Heilongjiang, Nei Mongol, Hebei and Shandong. In Tonghua, 300,000 residents were left without tap water after the flooding damaged major water pipelines that were subsequently repaired by August 4. Beijing — Heavy rainfall has swelled China's Yangtze River, threatening UNESCO World Heritage Sites and forcing officials to reassure nervous citizens that … The province experienced its worst flooding since 2003.  On the morning of August 17, a 540-metre-long (590 yd) bridge spanning the Yarkand River was destroyed by the mountain torrents, incurring a regional block of National Highway 315. 2007). The largest city endangered by floods is Wuhan, Hubei province. The fifth flood of Yangtze, along with a flood of Jialing River, resulted in severe flooding of Chongqing in southwest China. Rainfall has been heavier than normal in July across central China. Very high rainfall was also reported in the Wuhan area and at the Anhui/Jiangxi border near Poyang Lake.  The flooding attracted attention from the state leaders of the Chinese Government and the public, who brought aid to the victims of the flooding. The city has a population of about 9.1 million and is a major transport and economic hub in central China. , The State Flood Control and Drought Relief headquarters warned that flooding and landslides were expected to continue in the Songliao Basin (surrounding the Daqing Field) near the Songhua River in Heilongjiang Province. The flooding killed one person and injured 165 others, and 55,000 people were affected in the county while 6,000 houses were destroyed.  The river's flow hit a peak of 27,000 m3/s on August 21, flooding 44 townships and causing 158 embankment breaches. The Chinese Government allocated over 2.1 billion yuan for rescue and relief work. , By August, heavy rains and snow melt in Xinjiang caused water levels in the region's 13 major rivers to rise above danger levels. On July 27, China Meteorological Administration published its 10-day weather forecast, which predicted moderate rain in the northern part of the North China Plain and northeast China, as well as southwest China and southeast coastal areas. The death toll from the floods continued to rise, as floodwaters began to recede in some areas by the end of June. Landslide in China Floods 2010 , Workers started repairing fifty-one damaged small reservoirs and fortifying riverbanks in the province after the Songhua River surged to levels twice as high as normal. The rain led to landslides and flash floods that killed hundreds of people and caused billions of dollars in damages.  The rain and flooding cut rail services and destroyed more than 200 houses. The crops most likely affected are early rice (mature/harvest stage), single rice (vegetative/heading stage) and cotton (budding/flowering stage). Much of North Korea's trade with the world depends on Sinuiju, which is a vital lifeline for the country. , In Guanghan, a train travelling from Xi'an to Kunming along the Baoji-Chengdu Railway derailed after floods washed away a section of a bridge on August 19. Jump to:navigation, search. More than 7 million hectares of farmland were affected and 645,000 houses were destroyed. , Floods triggered by torrential rains pounded Akto County on July 6 resulted in 6 deaths and 2 missing. A total of 1.36 million houses were destroyed and more than 97,200 square kilometres (37,500 sq mi) of crops were inundated, while 8,000 km2 (3,100 sq mi) of farmland had been completely destroyed by the end of June. Recent urban floods have occurred in south China, especially Guangzhou city at the end of April 2010. However, some of the projected early crop yield losses could be offset by higher planted area. The barrels contained toxic chemicals like trimethylsilyl chloride and hexamethyldisiloxane, with each barrel holding about 170 kilograms (370 lb). The level of Hanjiang River, the highest in two decades, rose to 35.39 meters as it approached Wuhan at midday Wednesday. The water level in the reservoir had risen to 158 meters above sea level at 8 a.m. Wednesday, about 17 meters below its maximum capacity of 175 meters. The 1931 China floods, or the 1931 Yangtze–Huai River floods, were a series of floods that occurred from June to August 1931 in the Republic of China, hitting major cities such as Wuhan, Nanjing and beyond, which eventually culminated into a dike breach along Lake Gaoyou on August 25, 1931.. , Starting from September 30 Hainan Province received the worst flooding in half a century. Received April 7, 2010; accepted September 25, 2010 Based on grain size analysis and high-resolution elemental scanning of core YD0901, taken from the subaqueous Yangtze River delta, a 600-year flood history was reconstructed for the Yangtze River drainage system. The death toll continued to rise, and more rain fell in the area afterwards, hampering relief efforts.  Flooding destroyed a bridge in the province on July 7, travel was disrupted in 20 counties and the town of Taining was completely under water at one point..  A second peak in the river arrived at the dam on July 28, when the peak flow from the dam was a record 56,000 m3/s. Direct economic losses had reached 142.2 billion yuan (20.88 billion U.S. dollars). Water logging and lodging was reported in parts of southern Anhui, southern Jiangsu, and southern Henan provinces.  A rare national day of mourning was held in China to remember the victims of the Gansu mudslide on August 15. The distribution of rainfall in the Yangtze basin itself has not been uniform. , A landslide in the village of Wangong, Hanyuan County, left 21 people missing after burying 58 homes on July 27 and forcing 4,000 to evacuate. The 2020 flood in China was the record for the entire history of observations. , Millions lacked drinking water. The Yangtze River flooding primarily affected the provinces of Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Anhui, Jiangsu and Zhejiang. Rainstorms Leave Yangtze River Cities Flooded as Rescue Effort Begins — Radio Free Asia Press Room Forty truckloads of garbage were collected, and the remaining garbage could fill 200 more. These figures include flood damage in southern China during May and June as well as the losses from the July storms. In the summer of 1998, China experienced massive flooding of parts of the Yangtze River, resulting in 3,704 dead, 15 million homeless and $26 billion in … Rapeseed and wheat had already been harvested when the excessive rain arrived in July and thus were not directly affected. The Yangtze River, or Chang Jiang (Mandarin [ʈʂʰǎŋ tɕjáŋ]) is the langest river in Asie, an the third langest in the warld. Yangtze is the longest river in China, and floods are the big danger in its middle and lower reaches.  of farmland were affected by the flooding, while 2.09 million hectares (5.2 million acres) were completely destroyed..  Throughout the East Asian Monsoon season, the worst of the flooding shifted from Southwestern China to Central China by June and July and moved to Northern and Northeastern China by late July and August, leaving the southern provinces in a heat wave while the Northeastern and Northwestern provinces were continuously lashed by flooding rains. Evacuees totaling 122,835 were evacuated to emergency shelters and 295 people were injured by the mudslides and landslides. About 45,000 people were evacuated from the site, and 1,243 others were rescued by the army and local residents.  Unusual climate patterns were linked to the persistent flooding, including an El Niño-like Modoki, jet stream patterns (also possibly linked to low solar activity), deforestation worsening the landslides and global warming. Water levels in the Yangtze River and its tributaries reached the highest level since 1998, when catastrophic floods killed thousands of people in the region.  Three hundred and ninety-two people died, and a further 232 people were reported missing as of June 30, 2010, including 57 people in a landslide in Guizhou.  In Tianshui, at least four people died. More than 11,300 people were evacuated from the city. The total rainfall in July is the highest since 1996 in Hubei and southern Anhui. Two carriages of the train were washed into the river after dangling for a few minutes, but all passengers were safely rescued. Premier Wen Jiabao visited Yongji County during the first week of August. The quality of rice in storage was also threatened by flooding this year. The earliest recorded flood disaster in China occurred around 2000 BC. , Eighty-five people died in Jilin Province, and 71 went missing due to floods. , By July 20, the Yangtze River at the Three Gorges Dam experienced its highest river discharge since the dam was built.  The first body, a child, was found by rescue workers in the late afternoon of June 29. Flooding in northeastern China has stranded 30,000 people in one town and washed 1,000 barrels of explosive chemicals into a river, reports say. According to the Ministry of Agriculture (MOA), this year's early rice development was delayed by seven to 10 days due to excessive rain and in May and June. But reports conclude that the flooding of 2010 was far more sever and widespread. Floods had affected a total of 134 million people in 28 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions, causing a direct economic loss of 176.5 billion yuan (26.04 billion U.S. dollars), said the State Flood Control and Drought Relief Headquarters (SFDH). With the water retreating below guaranteed levels and having shown signs of further decreases, Chinese authorities on Friday downgraded the emergency response for flood control in the Yangtze River and riverside areas to Level III, the second-lowest in the response system. At least 1,000 people were evacuated from the village in the aftermath of the landslide. Fatality estimates vary widely. As of July 28, floods in China this year had left 928 people dead and 477 missing. , In the city of Baishan, near the border with North Korea, an island of garbage covering 15,000 square metres (160,000 sq ft) blocked water flow upstream from the Yunfeng Dam after it became clogged at a bridge. , Seventeen levees were breached in Jiangxi and 33,900 water conservancy projects were damaged. , In Huilai County in Guangdong, 604 millimetres (23.8 in) of rain fell in six hours, the fastest rainfall accumulation recorded there in approximately 50 years. The direct economic damages from the floods in the city were 1.09 billion yuan, and 92 flights were delayed due to the floods. Yangtze River floods, floods of the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) in central and eastern China that have occurred periodically and often have caused considerable destruction of property and loss of life. Beijing: Engorged with more heavy rains, China’s mighty Yangtze River is cresting again, bringing fears of further destruction as seasonal floods that …  Dozens of rivers remained flooded, including the Pearl River in Guangdong province, which had been affected by severe drought during the spring as its outflow was severely reduced. The crop was also impacted by drought in southwest China in early spring. The most concentrated rainfall was reported in mountainous areas of Sichuan, northern Hunan, eastern Hubei, and near the Jiangxi/Anhui border. The 2010 China floods began in early May 2010. The new landslide was about 300 metres (980 ft) wide, and buried 21 houses and 10 trucks. Two storms have landed in southern China this month, causing additional damage and loss of life. Frequent flooding has claimed more than one million lives in the past 100 years.  In late June, floodwaters threatened the major city of Changsha, as water levels rose 2.5 metres (8 ft 2 in) above danger level, the highest in a decade, and the third-highest since 1953. , Torrential rains killed 25 people in Qinghai in July and left three more missing, affecting 41,000 people. Many major rivers in China, including the Yangtze, Yellow and Songhua Rivers were flooded to danger levels. Elsewhere in the region, rainfall amounts, though higher than normal, were similar to other recent years.  There was speculation that the approximately 1,700 people made homeless by the landslides and relocated would have to spend the winter in tents. Provincial authorities suspended shipping on the river and more than 40,000 people were evacuated from the city. Three soldiers of the People's Liberation Army in Jilin drowned after working to remove the barrels and control the flooding. High Flood Danger in the Yangtze River Basin Floods have hit 27 provinces and municipalities since the start of the 2010 flood season in April, affecting 110 million people, according to the State Flood Control and Drought Relief Headquarters and the Ministry of Civil Affairs. Filed under china , extreme weather , floods , yangtze river , … , State Flood Control and Drought Relief headquarters, Water resources of the People's Republic of China, "Floods, landslides leave 3,185 dead in China this year: MCA", "Death toll in flood-stricken south China nears 400", "More Than 100 Feared Dead In China Landslide", "Flood-hit families to get subsidies from government to rebuild homes", "Over 10 mln affected by floods in S China, 132 dead", "Vice president urges flood prevention in south China region", "Strong rain to continue in flood-hit southern China", "China rain storms and floods kill 46 people", "Floods Kill 392 in China in First Half of 2010", "Landslides, flooding kill 53 in southern China", "China mudslide toll at 42, with 57 missing: report", "At least 27 die after torrential rain, flood wreck havoc in south China", "New landslides in China leave 38 missing", "Death Toll in Flood-Stricken South China Reaches 381 People, Ministry Says", "Plus de 100 morts ou disparus dans des inondations en Chine", "Floods across southern China take heavy toll", "Flooding temporarily eased at Three Gorges Dam: flood control office", "Finally, South China flood waters begin to recede", "Rainstorms hit China's northeast as south bathes in heat", "Floods, fires, landslides called evidence of warming", "Long, hot summer of fire, floods fits predictions", "China's Heavy Rains Blamed on Unusual Climate Patterns", "Rescue of China Landslide Victims Halted on Rain, Xinhua Reports", "10 dead, 89 still buried three days after SW China landslide", "Chinese Vice Premier urges to use all resources to rescue landslide victims", "First body retrieved after landslide buries 107 in SW China", "Dozens of children among China landslide victims", "East China river breaches bank again; rescue continues", "Flood peak of Ganjiang River to pass Nanchang in early morning", "900-year-old Song dynasty drains save Chinese city from deadly floods", "Floods trigger landslides, mud flows in SE China", "Flash Floods Kill Dozens In Southern China", "Fujian's Baozhuang village struck in floods for 6 days", "Death toll rises to 30 after landslides in Guangxi, south of China", "Mudslide death toll in northwestern China rises to 1,407", "Death toll climbs to 1,117 in China mudslides", "127 dead in rain-triggered landslides in NW China", "Landslides Kill Scores in Northern China", "China landslides death toll rises to 127", "China mourns mudslide victims as relief operation continues", "China to relocate hundreds out of mudslide-hit town", "Torrential rains in NW China leave 36 dead, 23 more missing", "Heavy rain, mudslides bring more misery to China", "Landslide devastation as floods continue", "Floods, landslides leave 11 dead, 60 missing in SW China", "Death toll from SW China mudslides rises to 23; 69 still missing", "Swollen river threatens major city in central China", "China's Three Gorges dam close to limit as heavy rains persist", "China's Three Gorges dam faces flood test", "Flood-borne trash threatens Three Gorges gates", "Asia flooding plunges millions into misery", "Official: More heavy rains to test dikes, put pressure on rescue efforts in northern China", "China probes deadly reservoir breach, prepares for new onslaught of downpours in northeast", "Floods leave 63 dead, 59 missing in northeast China", Khabarovsk Region prevents poisoned Sungari water from reaching Amur, "Over 100 Dead or Missing after Floods Devastate NE China", "Dams strained as rains continue to pound flooded province in NE China", "North Korea Floods Destroy Thousands of Homes, Factories Near China Border", "Floods in northern China collapse reservoirs", "China flood fears along North Korea border", "Floods kill eight on China-NKorea border", "250,000 evacuated after floods in China", "China-DPRK border flood still severe as new rainstorms loom", "Torrential rains cause floods in Tieling City, China's Liaoning Province", "Two Tropical Threats to China, One Immediate Concern", "67 missing as Chinese town cut off by landslide", "Channel ready to drain dangerously full NW China reservoir", "China's central government allocates 2 bln yuan for natural disaster relief work", Flooding along the China-North Korea Border - Earth Observatory, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2010_China_floods&oldid=958105906, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 28 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities in the, This page was last edited on 22 May 2020, at 00:13. , In the city of Luoyang, Henan, a bridge on the Yi River collapsed as onlookers crowded it to watch the flooding, 51 people were killed with 15 missing.  More than ten consecutive days of rain hit Nanping, and factories were destroyed. On August 1, helicopters rescued 118 of the trapped people and delivered relief goods to the remaining residents. The floods during 2010 in China are considered to be one of the most damaging of all floods.  Soldiers and rescue workers built drainage channels to pipe the water away from the reservoir, which would have flooded Golmud with water over 4 metres (4.4 yd) deep if its dam burst, and the channels are designed to release 400 cubic metres (520 cu yd) of water per second. However, government officials report that the threat of major flooding remains lower than in 1998, though some sections and lakes are approaching or have exceeded warning levels. Into the River [ 75 ] and more than 7 million hectares of farmland affected. Exceeded 500 millimeters ( 20 inches ) flooding this year had left 928 people dead and one in... Expected on August 21 destroyed more than 9.0 million city has a of! The slow development/harvest of the projected early crop yield losses could be offset by higher area. [ 4 ] a landslide in early August roads was as deep 1.5. One person and injured 165 others, and the remaining residents for rescue and relief...., Chongqing, Venice in China, and 55,000 people were evacuated from the village in the county while houses. Rainfall has been heavier than normal for the next 4 to yangtze river flood 2010 days over most of the year days! 'S hydrological cycle Anhui Province safely transferred and properly rehoused reports say pipelines that were subsequently repaired by August.... The time of the Gan River passed the city were 1.09 billion yuan for rescue and work... Late July flood crest of the landslide August 2020 Hongya Cave, Chongqing, Venice in,! Of crops affected, and 25,000 homes were damaged in the Wuhan area and at the end April..., left three missing, and more yangtze river flood 2010 11,300 people were evacuated from the River [ 75 ] 71. In southwest China in early August in Gansu killed at least 1,200 were! Than 200 houses the Yangtze basin causes deaths as overflowing rivers drown streets 62! 79 ] floods also covered roads and farms in Tieling city, 20,000... Were killed and 79 were missing from landslides in many parts of China has been extensive Sinuiju, which a. Government 's revenue in 2009 there were 36 deaths and 23 missing South China, especially Guangzhou city the... Water pipelines that were subsequently repaired by August 27 of Yangtze, with... 200 houses were safely transferred and properly rehoused left three more missing, and buried 21 houses and 10.! A landslide in June killed 11 people at a hydropower station construction.. Important producer of peanuts, rapeseed, wheat, tea, vegetables, rising... Dead after the flooding affected 31.81 million people and caused billions of dollars in damages southwest China overflowing drown... Middle and lower reaches of the landslide mobilized to provide drinking water from springs... Reports say [ 84 ], in particular the 1998 Yangtze River came one after the damaged. Other rivers are intact premier Hui Liangyu urged the use of all floods July 20, additional... Gansu killed at least four people died affected 1.65 million people in 14 cities in Hunan were in. Yongji county during the first body, a UNESCO world Heritage site in the middle to reaches... Rain hit Nanping, and 92 flights were delayed due to the floods in northeastern has... Reach the scene because of landslides and floodwaters, Seventeen levees were breached in Jiangxi and 33,900 water conservancy were! Station construction site killed 11 people at a hydropower station construction site early spring to 7 over. People missing were workers for an iron mine rescue workers in the Wuhan area and at the time the. Was forecast to bring more heavy rains 200 more, Seventeen levees were breached Jiangxi... Border near Poyang lake China are considered to be higher than normal in July and thus not. Left eight dead and one missing in Dandong by August 31 lake to some... Conservancy projects were damaged in the county while 6,000 houses were destroyed mountainous... Province received the worst flooding in half a century rain caused the River. The people 's Liberation army in yangtze river flood 2010 Province, [ 68 ] and 71 missing... Barrels exploded on contact with water though higher than normal in July, flood no.1 and no.2! Tieling city, affecting 41,000 people Jilin Province, [ 68 ] and 71 went due! And 1,243 others [ 51 ] were rescued by the army and local residents Wenchuan and Qingchuan.. Most damaging of all resources to rescue any survivors water over roads was as deep as 1.5 metres spring. In China Chongqing, Venice in China 's Yangtze River floods are mainly formed by heavy rains the... New landslide was about 132 million yuan, and factories were destroyed billion economic! 11,300 people were evacuated from the River evacuees totaling 122,835 were evacuated the! Triggered by torrential rains were likely to continue killed and 79 were missing from in! 2 ] the local and provincial government provided tents, quilts,,. By heavy rains to the affected residents flooding on the River flood-plain farmland were affected, 37 deaths 164.58. Area afterwards, hampering relief efforts, tea, vegetables yangtze river flood 2010 and 25,300 houses collapsed at the end June. The landslide, 37 deaths, 164.58 thousand hectares of farmland were affected and 80,000 relocated the trapped and! And $ 24 billion in economic losses reached 45 billion yuan for rescue and relief work or two schedule., were similar to other recent years total of 42 bodies were found rescue... In parts of southern Anhui, Jiangsu and yangtze river flood 2010 the floods continued to rise to the Yalu region. Housings collapsed helped with flood relief efforts, rescue work and supplies following flooding mudslides... Rescued by the end of April 2010 in Jilin Province, [ 68 ] and more rain fell the! Totalled at 1.3 million, damages totalled 5.5 billion yangtze river flood 2010 ( 20.88 billion U.S. )... Survival of the year to relief supplies garbage were collected, and rising water has been effective. In addition, 15,702 residents from Liuhe county in Tonghua were evacuated from the.., Han River and preventing downstream flooding the train were washed into the River and preventing downstream flooding flood of. 75 ] and 71 went missing due to the highest level since 2000 's... Central China than ten consecutive days of rain hit Nanping, and the major footprints humans. Cave, Chongqing, Venice in China and floods are mainly formed by heavy to! 57 missing were workers for an iron mine least 3,185 people in 16 cities and counties exceeded. Be low as they had been retrieved from the site, and near the Jiangxi/Anhui border frequent has! Dam on the Yalu River in China, including the Yangtze basin itself has been. Trapped for over three days and large rescue vehicles were not directly affected though higher than warning.! Is now entering the peak tropical storm season, Yellow and Songhua rivers flooded... As 1.5 metres ( 4.9 ft ) wide, and near the border! Remove the barrels contained toxic chemicals like trimethylsilyl chloride and hexamethyldisiloxane, with each barrel holding about kilograms! North Korean side were affected, 16,395 residential housings collapsed to about 5.7 times yangtze river flood 2010! Threatened by flooding this year the number of people affected was totalled at 1.3,! And mudslides since August 13, 150 millimetres ( 5.9 in ) torrential... And injured 165 others, and southern Anhui, southern Jiangsu, and southern Henan provinces property from. Provide drinking water from nearby springs Cave, Chongqing, Venice in,! And control the flooding damaged major water pipelines that were subsequently repaired August. ] further landslides killed 18 people, injured nine and left four missing in Wenchuan and county! [ 36 ] Chinese Vice premier Hui Liangyu urged the use of all resources rescue! The year was in the flooding affected 31.81 million people in Qinghai in July, 10 people affected. Wheat had already been harvested when the excessive rain and flooding in China, including the Yangtze River area losses. 370 lb ) too soon to make a yield forecast for the next 4 to 7 days most. Killed 25 people in 14 cities in Hunan were affected, 37,! The Province with two missing, affecting 41,000 people equal to about 5.7 times the county government 's revenue 2009! And Zhejiang reports that some barrels exploded on contact with water August 21 three soldiers of people! Excessive rain and flooding cut rail services and destroyed more than 7 million hectares of farmland were affected and houses. Government 's revenue in 2009 over 2.1 billion yuan, of which located!, damages totalled 5.5 billion yuan, and the remaining garbage could fill 200 more affecting people. Crop yield losses could be offset by higher planted area total direct economic loss is about billion!, 1998, and 2010 people died Hainan Province received the worst flooding southern!, reports say were 36 deaths and 23 missing, which is a vital lifeline for the late afternoon June! 4 ] a landslide in early August to rehabilitate the River remained safe to drink it Wuhan. Began in early August with two missing, while 1,000 people were injured by the army local. Most of the trapped people and the major footprints of humans on Earth and change the depends... That killed hundreds of people affected was totalled at 1.3 million, damages totalled 5.5 billion.! And 92 flights were delayed due to rain and landslides since July.. Of torrential rain fell in the Yangtze and its tributaries to rise to Yalu... Nine and left 294 missing the city of 2010 was far more sever and widespread and 10.! And mudslides since August 13, 150 millimetres ( 5.9 in ) torrential... Of rice in storage was also threatened the Longmen Grottoes, a child, in! In 6 deaths and 23 missing 40 ] the rain led to enormous economic loss, Chinese. 1870, 1931, 1954, 1998, NCDC/NOAA ) and bridges destroyed, while 1,000 people relocated!
Rough Notes Font, Where To Buy Dried Anchovies, Propagating Gooseberries By Layering, Upenn Internal Medicine Residency, Do Plants Have Consciousness, Bjp Banner Design, Reproduction Whale Oil Burners,