I found this to be essential to my understanding of the war - Lazenby's Was Maharbal Right and Sabin's Mechanics of Warfare in the Second Punic War were my favorites of this. Second Punic War (218-201 B.C.) Asked by Wiki User. These were the main reasons for the Punic Wars. Even though the main cause of the second war was the war on Saguntum you must go back all the way to the ending of the First War. Did Hannibal cause the Second Punic War? Scipio Africanus Conquers Spain 206 BC. Polybius outlines three clear causes of the Second Punic war. The second Punic war was the result of the growing rivalry between the two great powers that were now struggling for supremacy in the western Mediterranean (Rome and Carthage), with the trigger of the war being the rapid growth of the Carthaginian dominion in Spain, with Carthage building up a great empire in the Spanish peninsula, expecting to raise new armies to invade Italy. The Punic Wars were clashes between titans and were arguably the largest wars of the time period as the two participants were some of the most powerful nations of the time. Hannibal destroys the Roman army at Cannae in the most severe defeat ever suffered by Rome. B. C. 334. What was the cause of the second punic war? Learn. Following their defeat in the First Punic War and the loss of territory in Sicily, Carthage built up a new empire in Spain. While the First Punic War had been fought largely over control of Sicily, the Second Punic War involved confrontations in Spain, Italy, Sicily, Sardinia, and North Africa.The Carthaginians were led by Hannibal, one of the most gifted commanders in history, but the Romans … Write. From here they established a trade network across the Mediterranean. Spell. STUDY. Both sides prepare for war Rome wants to use superior navy to attack Carthage homeland. Scipio Africanus Goes to North Africa 204 BC. what was the cause of the second punic war. Hannibal attacked the city of Saguntum, which Rome claimed was its ally. The Causes of the Second Punic War . Match. That's the most honest answer I can give. what were the results of the second punic war. generals of the second punic war . Start studying Cause and Effect of the Punic Wars. It lasted between 218 and 201 BC. Hannibal had … However, he continues to explain the reasons for Hannibal’s rage, the First Punic War, which Polybius calls “the most important cause of the subsequent war” (Kagan106, 1975). The Second Punic War broke out in B.C. Less well known, are the causes of the Second Punic War. However, tensions developed as the economic interests of each party began to leave no room for the other. once again after the First Punic War (264 to 241 BC). oHannibal refuses Roman demands. rome. First, as other ancient authors, Polybius points to Hannibal’s oath and longstanding grudge against the Romans. Dating back to 509BC, two great powers of the Mediterranean - Rome and Carthage - had friendly treaties with each other. 2018-01-11 08:37:26 2018-01-11 08:37:26 . Hannibal believed that the interference in Saguntum showed the desire to create a Roman protectorate in Spain. Causes of the Second Punic War The Second Punic war “was the greatest and most dangerous one Rome was compelled to fight on their way to the conquest of the Mediterranean.” With 17 years of battle causing heavy casualties to be suffered on both sides, the Second Punic War has proven to be an important time period in the Roman and Carthaginian empires. There were three Punic Wars and each of them had different causes. Search. Scipio defeated the remaining Carthaginian forces in Spain, which placed Spain under Roman control. The cause of the Second Punic War is an issue of some great debate. In Book 21 Chapter 21.1 he declares that after the fall of Saguntum Hannibal 'received despatches [which] made him aware of the fact that he was ... (in Roman eyes) the cause of the impending war'. The Punic Wars were a series of three wars between 264 and 146 BC fought by the states of Rome and Carthage.The First Punic War broke out in Sicily in 264 BC as a result of Rome's expansionary attitude combined with Carthage's proprietary approach to the island. 218 when Hannibal took control of the Greek city and Roman ally Saguntum (in Spain). Hannibal left Carthago Nova sometime in May, and reached the Rhone in September. First Punic War (264–241 bce) The interval between the First and Second Punic Wars (241–218 bce) Second Punic War (218–201 bce) Campaigns in Sicily and Spain; The war in Africa; Third Punic War … Causes of the Second Punic War 1722 Words | 7 Pages. Browse. who won the second punic war. The Second Punic War was fought between Rome, Carthage, and their mutual allies. However, although Carthage had to pay massive reparations after the Second Punic War, it seemingly recovered well and became prosperous due to trade. Below is a discussion of the origins of the second great war between Carthage and Rome. Wiki User Answered . b. Carthaginian conquest of Spain, 237-220bc. Second Punic War was also marked by the happenings of Gallic uprisings that made this war a much more complicated affair for the Romans. The Roman Senate responded favorably, and ignored the pledge. where was the second punic war fought. South of the river Ebro, Sagunto was only sea town (it was Hellenized Iberian city), which did not obeyed to Carthaginians, but it entered into an alliance with Rome. Test. Cause and Effect of the Punic Wars . Second Punic War begins. Created by. why did rome win the second punic war. The main reasons for the Second or Hannibalic War were the ambition and pride of prominent military generals and a poorly configured political agreement. italy, for 17 years, and then carthage, for less than a year. The cause of Second Punic War Bust of Hannibal discovered in Capua. Causes of the Second Punic War Some historians of the Hannibalian war, when they wish The origin of the 2d Punic war; to point out to us the causes of this contest between Rome and Carthage, allege first the siege of Saguntum by the Carthaginians, and, secondly, their breach of treaty by crossing the river called by the natives the Iber. Although this solution worked, it set up an excuse for Hannibal to advance his cause and progress towards the beginning of the Second Punic War. Polybius is someone who gives a very good account of the events that led to the war, blaming the Carthaginians for causing the war. The treaty between Hannibal and Philip V of Macedon clearly envisaged Rome's continuing existence after a Carthaginian victory. The Carthaginian forces were led by Hannibal (247 - c.181 BC). Rome thought it would be easy to defeat Hannibal, but Hannibal was full of surprises, including his manner of entering the Italic peninsula from Spain. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. While there was Hannibal’s army getting ready to over throw the Roman Empire with his cavalry and war elephants, on the other end there were the Gallic tribes eager to massacre them. The accounts of Roman historian Livy and Greek historian Polybius allow events surrounding the Second Punic War to be analyzed and explained in terms of significance and effect to determine what caused this infamous war. Over the next decades, Rome took over control of both Corsica and Sardinia as well, but Carthage was able to establish a new base of influence in … Topics: Carthage, Hannibal, Second Punic War Pages: 5 (1414 words) Published: April 17, 2008. Second Punic: 218-201BC was fought when Hannibal wanted revenge for the heavy indemnities Rome imposed on Carthage after Rome won the first Punic War. Polybius rightly regarded the latter action as unjustified and the subsequent Carthaginian resentment as a major cause of the Second Punic War. However, a lack of Roman interest in Spain, shows that this was a misapprehension. PLAY. A collection of essays detailing many interesting and often overlooked areas of the Second Punic War. The Primary Record. They were great traders and farmers and soon they had created a great city and they dominated large tracts of the coast of Northern Africa. What was the cause of the Punic Wars? Third Punic War: 149-146BC was fought when Rome wanted to finally finish off Carthage. Top Answer. The causes of the First Punic War were mainly clashes of economic interests. Terms in this set (6) First Punic War Cause. During the 'Truceless War' (a revolt of mercenaries, 241-237bc), the Roman took advantage of Carthage's weakness to send Sempronius Gracchus to conquer Sardinia and Corsica; the Carthaginians - especially Hamilcar - regarded this as treachery and vowed revenge. Explain the causes of the Second Punic War a. Sardinia, 237bc. gchoi2022. Livy blamed Hannibal. revenge. The Second Punic War (aka The Hannibalic War) was fought between Carthage and Rome between 218 and 201 BCE. rome's ability to adapt to war and their numbers. Hannibal besieged the town under the pretext that the Sagunto attacked one of the tribes, which were under Carthage authority. Log in Sign up. The Start of the Second Punic War 218 BC. The First Punic war was precipitated by some mercenaries from southern Italy who … The Third Punic War was entirely avoidable was caused by Rome taking advantage of Carthage while they were weak. hannibal and scipio. Answer. Although Hannibal caused havoc and destruction during the Second Punic War, Carthage surrendered in 201 BC and lost its empire in Spain, its fleet, and independence of military action. The Second Pinic War: The Causes Of The Second Punic War 938 Words | 4 Pages. In 219 BC Carthaginian general Hannibal besieged Saguntum, the last Spanish city south of the river Ebro not under Carthaginian control.Saguntum was an ally of Rome, so Hannibal's attack provoked the Second Punic War. The Romans helped, … These ancient historians share related and also contrasting accounts, sources and ideas on what these causes were. The Second Punic War: Causes. Rome didn’t like powerful neighbors, and they wanted total control over the Mediterranean. Get the answers you need, now! Log in Sign up. or in other words, why did it start? After a while, the Carthaginians got their house in order and sought to expand their empire again. Gravity. Hannibal then crossed the Alps and attacked Italy. Roman aggression, Carthaginian humiliation, and Hamilcar’s attempts at redemptions were all outcomes of the end of the First Punic War. This raises a very large question on the part of Polybius. The Second Punic War-In 226, the Romans pledged to not interfere with anything south of the Ebro River, but after the first punic war, a city named Saguntum, south of the Ebro River, asked Rome for help against the Carthaginians. Battle of Cannae 216 BC. o CAUSES OF THE SECOND PUNIC WAR EVENTS DURING THE SECOND PUNIC WAR Carthaginian General, Hannibal, lays siege to city of Saguntum. Flashcards. The Second Punic War : The Causes Of The Second Pinic War 1043 Words | 5 Pages. There was no clear victor and the terms set by the Romans were extremely harsh. 3 4 5. There were many potential causes of the Second Punic War, but the harsh result of the First Punic War was the most influential factor in the start of the Second Punic War. o Saguntum had a long standing friendship with Rome Rome demands that he leave. Create.
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