It stands as the basis of the legitimacy of the Romanian government. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Romania. SECTION 1 - Organization and functioning. The Kingdom of Romania (Romanian: Regatul României) was a constitutional monarchy in Central-Eastern Europe, ruled by a royal family that was a branch of the Hohenzollern dynasty.The kingdom existed from 1881, when Carol I of Romania was proclaimed king, until 1947, when the last king, Michael I of Romania, abdicated and the Parliament proclaimed Romania a republic. (1) The Constitution of Southern Rhodesia, 1961, granted to Rhodesia on the 6th December, 1961, under Southern Rho-desia (Constitution) Order in Council, 1961, and the provisions of the said Order (hereinafter referred to as the old Constitution) are Article 58 … THE CONSTITUTION OF RHODESIA, 1965 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS PREAMBLE. It was then… OK. The ruling coalition at the time, the Social Liberal Union, claimed that insufficient constitutional constraints led then-incumbent President Traian Băsescu to abuse his presidential powers, thus justifying new amendments. CONSTITUTION OF ROMANIA TITLE I General principles Article 1 Romanian State (1) Romania is a sovereign, inde-pendent, unitary and indivisible National State. English. The first constitution of the Romanian United Principalities was adopted 1 July 1866. The third soviet-type constitution was adopted. Replaced the Communist 1965 constitution The Constitution of Romania is the fundamental law that made the structure of the government of Romania . Romanian Political Science Review. 1952: The second soviet-type constitution was adopted. It remains the current fundamental law that establishes the structure of the government of Romania, the rights and obligations of the country's citizens, and its mode of passing laws.It stands as the basis of the legitimacy of the Romanian government. The 1965 Constitution of Romania was drafted by a committee of the Great National Assembly (MAN) and approved by a plenary session of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party on June 28, 1965. The Constitution of Romania at the Chamber of Deputies' website 429/2003 on the revision of the Constitution of Romania, published in the Official Gazette of Romania, Part I, No. ARTICLE 1 (1) Romania is a sovereign, independent, unitary and indivisible National State. 3. A public debate began in 2013 and a Parliamentary Commission for the Revision of the Constitution was established. Stema Republicii Socialiste România (21 august 1965 – 22 decembrie 1989) foto si articol preluate de pe ro.wikipedia.org . (1) The national sovereignty shall reside within the Romanian people, that shall exercise it by means of their representative bodies, resulting from free, periodical and fair elections, as well as by referendum. The fundamental law that formed the basis for the dictatorship of Nicolae Ceauşescu (who had come to power that March), this constitution brought changes to the organisation and name of the state, and to the expression of its foreign policy. Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Romania. 89.70% voted yes and 8.81%, no. Electoral Law. The Constitutional Court is composed of 9 justices, appointed for a nine-year term, which cannot be extended or renewed. CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY Section 1.  The revised document was adopted by referendum on 18–19 October 2003; turnout was slightly above the 50%+1 threshold needed for it to be valid, with 55.7% of 17,842,103 eligible voters showing up. Then debated at the party's 9th Congress in July and adopted by the MAN, sitting as a Constituent Assembly, on August 21, being published in Monitorul Oficial that day. Although the newly minted state was nominally still a vassal of the Ottoman Empire, it only acknowledged the suzerainty of the Sublime Porte in a formal way. The 1923 constitution was reinstated pending the adoption of a new constitution (see Romania during World War II). 233 dated 21 November 1991.  It remained in place until 1858, when the Crimean War removed the two countries from Russian influence and confirmed the rule by several European powers first established by the Treaty of Paris; the Paris Convention of 1858 remained the governing document following the election of Alexandru Ioan Cuza as Domnitor (ruling prince) over the united countries (1859), but was replaced by Cuza's own organic law, entitled Statutul dezvoltător al Convenţiei de la Paris ("Statute expanding the Paris Convention"), in 1864. The issue of constitutional reform was raised repeatedly in the early 2010s, especially after a major political crisis in the second half of 2012. The 1965 Constitution of Romania, Communist Romania's third, was drafted by a committee of the Great National Assembly (MAN) and approved by a plenary session of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party on June 28, 1965. 4. Doing Legal Research in Romania . The Constitution of 1991, as revised in 2003, contains 156 articles, divided into 8 titles: Regulamentul Organic, voted by the respective Assemblies of Moldavia and Wallachia under Imperial Russian occupation in 1831–1832, was the first organic law resembling a constitution ever awarded to the Danubian Principalities. 43 Interim Constitution of Tanzania 1965 Section Title 18. • Duty to obey the constitution Article 2: Sovereignty 1. Parliament is “the supreme representative organ of the Romanian people and the sole lawmaking authority”; it is bicameral (Chamber of Deputies and Senate) and elected for four years. Cap. Public authorities. 1965: Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej dies and Nicolae Ceausescu comes to power. Romania is defined as a “national, sovereign, independent, unitary and indivisible state”. The Constitution adopted on 24 September 1952 ruled: Art. În cadrul acesteia, organul suprem al puterii de stat a Republicii Socialiste România este, în continuare, Marea Adunare Națională, unicul organ legiuitor.Prin legea nr.1 din 1974, care modifica constituția, a fost instituită funcția de președinte al R.S.R. Romania - Romania - New constitution: The approval by referendum of a new constitution on December 8, 1991, setting up a democratic republic, had given promise of political stability. Art. It was then debated at the party's 9th Congress in July and adopted by the MAN, sitting as a Constituent Assembly, on August 21, being published in Monitorul Oficial that day. Languages. 126(3) (“The High Court of Cassation and Justice shall provide a unitary interpretation and application of the law by the other courts of law, according to its competence.”). The new constitution of Communist Romania was adopted in 1948 following the Soviet model,  with subsequent variants appearing in 1952 and 1965 (the former "building the socialism", the latter announcing the "socialism has won"  and notably making the change from a People's Republic to a Socialist Republic). Sunt și texte care au permis interpretări forțate", "Vicepreședintele comisiei pentru revizuirea Constituției Valeria Schelean(PNL) cere convocarea rapidă a lucrărilor comisiei", The Constitution of Romania, official untranslated version, The Constitution of Romania, official English translation, The Constitution of Romania, official French translation, The Constitution of Romania, 1991 version, The Constitution of Romania, 1991 version in English, The Constitution of Romania, 1991 version in French, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Constitution_of_Romania&oldid=978795614, Articles with Romanian-language sources (ro), Articles with dead external links from August 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles needing additional references from December 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Title II - Fundamental rights, liberties, and duties, Title IV - The economy and public finance, Title VIII - Final and transitional provisions, This page was last edited on 17 September 2020, at 00:17. 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