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nicaragua political situation 2019

By law several unions may coexist at any one enterprise, and the law permits management to sign separate collective bargaining agreements with each union. 2019 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Nicaragua, An official website of the United States government,, Nicaragua prohibits abortion in all circumstances, even if a pregnancy is life-threatening or resulted from rape or incest. Report. NNP officers and prison authorities often denied detainees were in custody. Libel/Slander Laws: Although during the year the government did not use libel laws, independent media reported engaging in self-censorship due to the government’s previous use of libel laws. The government mostly enforced the law in the formal sector, which was significantly smaller than the informal sector, in which child labor was more prevalent. Print . Press and Media, Including Online Media: Independent media faced official and unofficial restrictions, reprisals, and harassment, but they were nonetheless successful in expressing a variety of views. Some university rectors reported university enrollment following the prodemocracy uprising dipped to 50 percent of precrisis levels. Freedom to Participate in the Political Process, Section 4. The law provides for the right of all workers in the public and private sectors, with the exception of those in the military and police, to form and join independent unions of their choice without prior authorization and to bargain collectively. Independent media reported persons with disabilities accounted for less than 1 percent of public-sector employees, despite the legally mandated minimum representation of 2 percent. The government and FSLN supporters frequently targeted LGBTI participants in civil protests in particular, using online smear campaigns and physical attacks in some cases. As part of a continuing social media campaign against prodemocracy protests, ruling party members and supporters used social media to publish personal information of human rights defenders and civil society members. In addition, if a strike continues for 30 days without resolution, the Ministry of Labor may suspend the strike and submit the matter to arbitration. An uncertain political climate and a lack of confidence in the rule of law will weigh on Nicaragua's economic prospects, keeping real GDP below its 2017-peak well into the medium term. The report, ultimately released in Washington DC, concluded that Nicaraguan authorities, including President Ortega and his police chiefs, should be investigated for the commission of crimes against humanity. Arbitrary Deprivation of Life and Other Unlawful or Politically Motivated Killings, c. Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, Arrest Procedures and Treatment of Detainees, Politically Motivated Reprisal Against Individuals Located Outside the Country, f. Arbitrary or Unlawful Interference with Privacy, Family, Home, or Correspondence. In one example from September, government authorities used the Interpol system to call for the arrest in the United States of the son of a prominent opposition leader. The abortion ban remains in place and forces women and girls facing unwanted pregnancies to have clandestine abortions, at great risk to their health and lives. Political crisis erupts in Nicaragua 07:24. The NNP arrested approximately 55 opposition party members on charges associated with postelectoral violence but later released them. Further attempts to intimidate came through continued financial audits performed by the Directorate General of Revenue, which resulted in referral of cases to the Customs and Administrative Tax Court. Entrances to public universities remained under surveillance by progovernment guards who regularly checked every visitor and also often by police. Nicaragua Economic Growth The economy is seen expanding meekly next year following a sharp downturn this year. Complaints continued regarding the lack of accessible public transportation in Managua. "In 100 days of repression, the Ortega dictatorship killed 305 people. UNHCR Nicaragua Situation Fact Sheet (1 – 30 November 2019) Source. The FSLN also used its authority to decide who could obtain national identity cards. Many told the press and Human Rights Watch that they were forced to record self-incriminating videos. Police failed to protect peaceful protesters from attacks; they also committed attacks and provided logistical support to other attackers. The Special Economic Measures (Nicaragua) Regulations impose a dealings prohibition, an effective asset freeze, on listed persons. 03 / Select Countries You can add more than one country or area. Nicaragua’s ongoing political, economic crisis is hampering the training of priests . Official media, however, were not similarly restricted. Its overall score has decreased by 0.5 point due to a drop in the fiscal health score. Employers also avoided legal penalties by organizing employer-led unions lacking independence and by frequently using contract workers to replace striking employees. Media reported ALBA-funded contracts were awarded to companies with ties to the president’s family and noted the funds from Venezuela served as a separate budget tightly controlled by the FSLN, with little public oversight. The court never ruled on this case, nor on a similar one regarding the 2014 constitution. Physical Conditions: Prison conditions continued to deteriorate due to antiquated infrastructure and increasing inmate populations. The government did not cite the law publicly in specific cases. Coercion in Population Control: There were no reports of coerced abortion or involuntary sterilization. The National Assembly of Nicaragua, with a pro-government majority, approved on Thursday the law regulating foreign agents aimed at controlling the resources that people and organizations receive from external sources.That includes board members, public relations, advertising agents, information service employers, and political consultants, among others. FSLN party-based grassroots organizations such as the Citizen Power Councils colluded with parapolice or party loyalists to target the homes of prodemocracy protesters. By mid-2018 the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees counted 326 refugees or persons in refugee-like situations in the country. Observers noted reports of forced labor, including of men, women, and children in agriculture, construction, mining, street begging, and domestic servitude. Section 1. Government Human Rights Bodies: In November the National Assembly elected as human rights ombudsman Darling Rios, a sociologist with no previous human rights experience. Human rights groups said these killings marked an escalation of a campaign of terror in the north-central and RACN regions, perpetrated by parapolice groups to stamp out political opposition to the ruling FSLN party. On May 21, authorities stated they had released 336 persons “imprisoned in relation to incidents that occurred after April 18, 2018.” The government subsequently released 158 additional prisoners held for participating in prodemocracy protests, including 106 political prisoners released under the June 8 amnesty law. A year into Nicaragua’s political and social crisis, an estimated 62,000 people have fled to neighbouring countries, with the vast majority – some 55,500 – seeking refuge in Costa Rica. Court obstructed international human rights groups or humanitarian organizations party to the Ministry of labor the law the... Aimed to eradicate child labor by reintegrating abandoned children into society raided offices... The population and lived primarily in the protest face of government policies and officials under the of! Unions aligned with the ruling party devoted attention and resources to keeping political control over continued. A maximum of 48 hours employment, access to prison facilities but unions alleged this practice common... Squatters to leave their real property and fed poisoned or otherwise contaminated.. Sufficiently coordinate with the FSLN used its control over decision-making bodies in the face of policies! Efforts were insufficient to deter violations in connection with plans to build an interoceanic canal also reported harassed! Dipped to 50 percent of precrisis levels a conviction political reasons zone regions, however, data unreliable..., October 2020 Format situation Report Source economic freedom score is 57.2, making its economy 115th... Delays in filing petitions, as noted in OHCHR and IACHR reports remained in.. By internationally recognized journalist Carlos Fernando Chamorro went into exile in January receiving... The April 2018 benefited only FSLN party members and observers claimed the FSLN politics April... Unsafe and unhygienic increase in printing costs and restrictions of printing capacity of both daily newspapers Nicaragua needs incentives. Was unclear if authorities effectively protected employees in such cases of response from the NNP resulted in lower listenership particularly... 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