This gap is likely to remain rather wide even after the population of Kerala stops growing or even begins to decline, which is likely to happen by the next decade.The gap in growth between Muslims and others in Kerala is wider than in HaryanaIn an earlier post (XIV: Age Pyramids), we have given the age-pyramids of Muslims, Hindus and Christians in Kerala and several other States including Haryana. As seen in the Table above, the growth gap between Muslims and others is not related to literacy or urbanisation. There was a sudden spurt in the decadal rate of growth of Muslims during 1961-71. As per 2011 census Kerala population religion wise, Hinduism is with 54.7%, followed by Muslim with 26.5% and Christianity with 18.3%. Such is the yawning and persistent gap between the Muslims and others. And in challenging times like these, we need your support now more than ever. The pyramid for Muslims is, however, nearly 70 percent wider at the base than that of Hindus and Christians; the gap is similar to the gap between Muslims and Hindus in Haryana. Muslim growth in Kerala has remained much above others, even though they are not behind others in literacy, urbanisation or prosperity. Copyright: Swarajya. Indian Religionists in this region have a somewhat better share of 58.5 percent. Most of Kerala's. In 2011, the share of Muslims in this district is 70.2 percent, marking an accretion of 16 percentage points in the six decades since Independence. Between 1931 and 2011, the share of Christians in this region has declined from 45.7 to 40.7 percent and that of Muslims has risen from 6.7 to 11.4 percent.Christians form a majority of 52.5 percent in Meenachil sub-district of Kottayam and of 51.3 percent in Mallappally of Pathanamthitta; their share is above 40 percent in another 11 sub-districts. Kerala is a state in south-western India. INC turned the tables around again with 13 seats and 16 seats for the Congress-led UDF. Muslims constitute 68.3 percent of the population in the former state of Jammu and Kashmir, the only state in which Muslims constituted a majority. But the consistently high rise after 1961 is related, in large part, to their relatively higher growth. Kerala Hindus (ARUN SANKAR/AFP/Getty Images). Also, see the Nomination Form for Election Candidate in 2019. Growth in the share of Muslims has been rather fast after 1961. Religion Data of Ernakulam district of Kerala state for Census 2011. Among Upper Caste Hindus, the support for NDA was even higher at 59 percent. Information about Kerala religions,Kerala Pilgrim Centres,hinduism in kerala,Muslims in Kerala,Religious destinations of Kerala,Christianity in Kerala,kerala astrology,Temples of Kerala,Churches of Kerala,mosque in kerala and more ... Kerala Govt releases tourism statistics of 2018. After 1971, the rates of growth of all communities began to decline, but the decline in the growth rate of Muslims has been much slower than that of Hindus and Christians. Yet, the number of children of age 0-6 years per hundred of population is 14.4 for Muslims as compared to 8.9 for both Hindus and Christians. Since 1951, Muslims have gained by 12 percentage points, and Christians by more than 2 percentage points. But they also have a share of more than 40 percent in the adjoining sub-districts of Palakkad, Wayanad and Kozhikode districts. On the other hand, of 60.6 lakh Christians in the State, 52.9 lakh are in South Kerala and only 8.5 lakh are in North Kerala. Religion-wise Population Distribution of Telangana. This has led to a considerable presence of Christians in some of the northern sub-districts.13. The concentration of Christians in this region has been somewhat moderated because of their large-scale migration from this region to the hilly forested parts of North Kerala, from around 1931. Muslims, on the other hand, experienced a significant decline only in 1991-2001. The share of Muslims in Kerala has increased from 17.3 percent in 1901 to 26.6 percent in 2011; much of this accretion has occurred after 1961.5. Muslims make up 26.56% and Christians 18.38 % Hindus constitute 54.72 per cent of the total population in Kerala, with Muslims accounting for … Reported cases of cyber-crime against women in India rose by 39 percent in 2019, and against children by 31 percent. In the longer term, however, both Christians and Muslims have significantly increased their share in Kerala at the cost of Indian Religionists, nearly all of who are Hindus. According to the CSDS survey 52 percent of all Hindus voted for the NDA, up nine percentage points from 43 percent in 2014. Christianity has emerged as the major religion in three North-eastern states, namely, Nagaland, Mizoram, and Meghalaya. This migration began from around 1931, but became significantly large after 1941, leading to a considerable decline in the share of Christians during 1941-51. Of the loss of 14 percentage points suffered by the Indian Religionists, 9.6 percentage points have accrued to the Muslims and 4.3 to the Christians. In Kochi, there has been a marginal rise in their share. Kerala Population by Religion. Muslims form 43.5 percent of the population in North Kerala; the share of Christians there is 5.8 percent. Presence of Muslims and Christians in the two regions has a historical backgroundThough some Christians and Muslims have been there in Kerala since several centuries, large-scale conversion to Christianity and Islam has happened in relatively recent period. The 2019 Indian general election were held in Kerala on 23 April 2019 to constitute the 17th Lok Sabha. Most of the Muslim population is concentrated in the Kashmir Valley, while Jammu and ... International Religious Freedom Report for 2019 . Prior to rise of Empires, the pastoral life was the order of the world and each nomadic tribe followed its own religious cults of Shamanism, animism and ancestor worship. They form 70 percent of the population of this district, and are in a majority in each of its six sub-districts.Malappuram was carved out as a separate district in 1969 from Kozhikode and Palakkad and taking some parts of Thrissur. Kerala Latest Caste/Religion Wise population demographics and Census Information Before Assembly Elections. The rise of in the share of Muslims in 1941-51 was probably because of the out-migration of Christians. As a consequence of this differential growth, the share of Muslims in the state has increased by 1.84 percentage points at the cost of both Hindus and Christians who have lost 1.44 and 0.64 percentage points, respectively, from their share in 2001. While both Christians and Muslims have improved their share in different parts of Kerala in the course of the twentieth century and the first decade of the twenty-first, Indian Religionists have continued to yield demographic space throughout this period. The major religions of Kerala are Hindu, Islam, Christian. And, notwithstanding the high literacy rate of Muslim women, their work participation rate is as low as 6.76 percent. Kerala’s almost 100 percent literacy rate, it is believed, can be attributed to the success of the Christian school system. Muslims have gained by 12 percentage pointsIn North Kerala, there were few Christians in 1901. In the following, we look at this longer-term picture is some detail. The share of Christians in the population of this region had reached a peak of 45.7 percent in 1931. Besides these three, the only significant numbers are in the category of ‘Religion Not Stated’, a total of 88 thousand persons have been counted thus; their number in 2001 was only 25 thousand. With 33,387,677 people as per the figures of the 2011 Census, Kerala is the 13th largest state as far as population and is separated into 14 regions and the capital being Trivandrum. Indian population religion wise 2019 list with state wise Census of India Hindu population, Muslim population,Sikh,Christian,Buddhist and Jainism.. After 1981, the share of Christians in North Kerala also began declining; now it has come down to 5.8 percent from its peak of 6.4 percent in 1981.And Indian Religionists have lost by more than 18 percentage pointsIn the course of the twentieth century and the first decade of the twenty-first, the share of Christians in North Kerala has risen by 4.7 and that of Muslims by 13.8 percentage points. Christians of this region set up farms and plantations in those parts with the active support of the Church. In addition they have a near majority in the northernmost sub-district of Kasargod. Population of Kerala by Religion Kerala's religious population presents a cultural backdrop of various religions living together with peace and harmony. From 7AM in the morning to 10PM late night we operate to ensure you, the reader, get to see what is just right. In South Kerala, Christians form 28.2 percent of the population and Muslims have a share of 13.3 percent. Large numbers were forcibly converted to Islam by Tipu Sultan, when he invaded and conquered the region in the late eighteenth century. Unlike the other parts of India in this category, both Christians and Muslims have substantially improved their share in Kerala since 1901.3. During 2001-11, Muslims in Kerala have grown by 12.8 percent, while Hindus have grown by 2.2 and Christians by 1.4 percent. Kerala was formed on 1 November 1956 after the States Reorganization Act. The population of India in 2019: When analyzing the latest data from the United Nations, the approximate population of India is 1, 357, 629, 428. District-level religious data show that Wayanad has 49.5% Hindu population, 21.5% Christians and 28.8% Muslims. Muslims now form 43.5 percent of the population of North Kerala; there has been an accretion of nearly 14 percentage points to their share since 1901. The latter include: Kottayam and Changanaserry of Kottayam district, Udumbanchola, Thodupuzha and Peerumadeof Idukki; Thiruvalla and Ranni of Pathanamthitta and Aluva, Kochi, Muvattupuzha and Kothamangalam of Ernakulam. Kerala is situated in Southern India. As of 2019, Other Backward Class (OBC) constituted the largest part of the Indian population accounting for more than 40 percent. This is because the growth rates of Hindus and Christians began to decline fairly sharply after 1971. It is wider than, say, in Haryana, where growth rates are high and literacy levels are low. Religious Demography of KeralaPopulation of Kerala in 2011 is 3.34 crores. This district then merges into the high Muslim presence districts of coastal Karnataka in the north. According to the 2011 national census, the most recent year for which disaggregated figures are available, Hindus constitute 79.8 percent of the population, Muslims 14.2 percent, Christians 2.3 percent, and Sikhs 1.7 percent. They have a presence of more than 40 percent in thirteen sub-districts of this region and they are in a majority in two of these. Pockets of high Muslim presence outside MalappuramMuslims form a majority in every sub-district of Malappuram. Haryana is on the other end of the scale from Kerala in terms of demographic ‘advance’ as indicated by parameters like female literacy and children percent of population. Kerala Caste wise demographics, Caste/Religion Wise population in Kerala, Demographics of Kerala, religion wise population in Kerala, Kerala Population, Kerala Population and Census, Religion in Kerala, Kerala Basic Information. The country in general has a population density of 4-16 people. Indian Religionists have correspondingly lost 18.4 percentage points from their share in the population of North Kerala. The data is unambiguous—the population of Hindus is on a decline in Kerala, and there seems to be no end to the fall in the near future. The two regions are very different in their religious demography as seen in the Map below that shows the distribution of Christians and Muslims in the State up to the sub-district level. These religions stamped out the earlier religious practices. Kerala has a unique record in India for the harmonious coexistence of diverse religions. For the mainstream religious community of a region to suffer such a loss in a little more than a century is indeed an alarming historical occurrence. Of these, 1.83 crore are Hindus, 88.7 lakh Muslims, and 61.4 lakh Christians. Details about the population of Kerala based on India Census 2011. Consequently, the gap between the growth of Muslims and others has been widening.7. The fertility rate is less than 2 in all five South Indian States. Malayalam is Kerala's official language and is spoken by at least 96% of the people of Kerala; the next most common language is Tamil, spoken mainly by Tamil workers from Tamil Nadu and the local Kerala Iyers. Year of election 2014 Their presence is particularly high in the northernmost Kasargod sub-district in the district of that name. Get Swarajya in your inbox everyday. With less than three hours left for polling to end, the voting percentage in Kerala has crossed 60%. Urbanisation ratio is the highest for Muslims and the lowest for Christians. We do not have the muscle and backing of a large media conglomerate nor are we playing for the large advertisement sweep-stake. In South Kerala, the share of Muslims has grown from less than 7 percent in 1901 to 13.3 percent in 2011; it was only 9.5 percent in 1951.Indian Religionists suffer a loss of 10 percentage points in their shareThe share of Indian Religionists in South Kerala has declined by more than 10 percentage points in this period, from 68.7 percent in 1901 to 58.5 percent in 2011.Growth of Christianity and Islam in North Kerala. The LDF won only four seats. The numbers under RNS have increased considerably in all districts of Kerala, but their largest concentration in 2011 is in Thiruvananthapuram; fully one-quarter of the RNS have been counted in this district, and of these, more than 13 thousand are in the capital city. Of this loss of more than 18 percentage points, 14 have been lost after 1951. Hinduism is followed by the majority of Keralites (54.7%). The share of Muslims has grown in both parts and Indian Religionists have lost in both. During this decade, Muslims in this sub-district have grown by 19.4 percent, compared to the growth of 3.1 percent of Hindus and 2.6 percent of Muslims.Muslims also have a significant presence in nearly all of the coastal sub-districts of South Kerala, including in Thrissur, Ernakulam, Alappuzha, Kollam and Thiruvananthapuram districts. During 2001-11, there has been some decline in their growth, but the decadal growth rate of Hindus and Christians has dropped precipitously, leaving a very wide gap between the Muslims and others.The growth gap is not related to literacy or urbanisation. It began declining after that. Muslim Population in Kerala is 88.73 Lakhs (26.56 percent) of total 3.34 Crore. The share of Muslims in the State at 26.6 percent is the fourth largest in the country after Jammu & Kashmir (68.3%), Assam (34.2%) and West Bengal (27.0%), if we do not count the tiny Union Territory of Lakshadweep, where Muslims form 96.6 percent of the population. The Mathrubhumi News-Geowide India exit poll results show the LDF vote share coming down from 40 percent in 2014 to 37 percent in 2019. We indicated there that the pyramids for both Hindus and Christians have a narrow base and wider cohorts in the higher age groups. Fortunately, the Census of 1971 gave the religious breakup of the population of the new districts from 1911-1961. Swarajya - a big tent for liberal right of centre discourse that reaches out, engages and caters to the new India. Indian religionists are now reduced to a near minority in North Kerala, while they retain a somewhat better share of 58.5 percent in South Kerala.6. Subscribe here. Of this, 12 … Christians had in fact gained 7 percentage points between 1901 and 1961; after that they have lost about 3 percentage points, with the rapid rise in the share of Muslims in the recent decades.This large rise in share of Muslims has taken place even though they are not behind others in literacy, urbanisation or even prosperity. Kerala is bordered by Tamil Nadu to the south and east, Karnataka to the north and northeast, and the Lakshadweep Sea to the west.. Kerala has an estimated population of 35 million, up from 33.38 million in 2011. Our business model is you and your subscription. There has been no let up in their decline in this whole period. Kerala thus is proof that decline in the growth rates of population because of various factors of development does not by itself lead to restoration of the imbalance of growth between different communities; in fact, it may worsen the imbalance.9. Muslims also have a considerable presence in nearly all of the coastal sub-districts of both North and South Kerala. In 2001-11, the share of Christians has declined in all these sub-districts, except Kochi, Udumbanchola and Peerumade. Kerala—like Assam, West Bengal, Purnia and Santhal Pargana region of Bihar and Jharkhand, parts of Western Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand, Mewat of Haryana and Rajasthan, and many of the States in the northeast—has seen a drastic change in its religious demography in the Census period, beginning from 1901. Tulu and Kannada is spoken in most parts of the northern district of Kasaragod, adjoining Karnataka. However, this isn't the complete picture. From 1961 onwards, the share of Christians begins declining both in South and North Kerala, and that of Muslims begins rising in both. After 1961, it was the turn of Muslims to rise. Because Hindus (and Christians) in Kerala do not prefer to have more than two children. The percentage of Muslims is sizeable in Assam (30.9%), West Bengal (25.2%), Kerala (24.7%), Uttar Pradesh (18.5%) and Bihar (16.5%). INDIA Kerala is one of the several parts of India, including Assam, West Bengal, Purnia and Santhal Pargana region of Bihar and Jharkhand, parts of Western Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand, Mewat of Haryana and Rajasthan, and many of the States in the northeast, whose religious demography has undergone a drastic change in the course of the twentieth century.2. In Idukki district as a whole, the population of all communities has declined during 2001-11, but the decline is the most pronounced for the Hindus. We deliver over 10 - 15 high quality articles with expert insights and views. Religon of Ladakh Buddhism Archeological evidence shows that Ladakh was inhabited by people during the Neolithic age. The data shows an interesting pattern. Widening gap between the growth of Muslims and OthersThe most remarkable feature of the Religion Data of Census 2011 for Kerala is the extraordinarily wide gap between the growth of Muslims and others. Notwithstanding the fact that they equal others in these parameters, and their absolute rate of growth is fairly low, the gap between their growth and that of others remains very wide. As you are no doubt aware, Swarajya is a media product that is directly dependent on support from its readers in the form of subscriptions. Therefore, the share of both Muslims and Christians has risen in the district while that of Hindus has declined. Later we shall see that though there was a significant presence of Christians and Muslims in Kerala already in 1901, there has been a large accretion to the share of the former in the pre-Independence period and to that of the latter in the six decades since 1951. Hinduism is the most dominant religion with 56% Kerala Hindus in the state. What we have though, is district-wise religious break-up for Kerala. Muslims at that time formed nearly 30 percent of the population. Get complete demographics about Kerala. But there are reasons for concern. Religious Demography. In the first half of the century, in fact up to 1961, the share of Christians in the population kept rising consistently from decade to decade. All Rights Reserved. Of this, 12 percentage points have been added after 1951.Christians have added 4.7 percentage points to their shareChristians had a share of somewhat above 1 percent in 1901; and remained at less than 1.5 percent up to 1941. Christian Population in Kerala is 61.41 Lakhs (18.38 percent) of total 3.34 Crore. This Post Will Share Comparison Of Population Of India 2017 and Population Of India 2018 and Population Of India 2019 along with Total population of India state wise Population Of India 2019. Alliances and parties. The share of Indian Religionists in Kerala, who are almost all Hindus, has declined from nearly 69 percent in 1901 to 55 percent in 2011, marking a loss of 14 percentage points in 11 decades.Unlike in the other regions mentioned above, in Kerala, both Christians and Muslims have considerable presence and both have gained in their share in this period. This makes the Change in the Population of Female which is 61% and in Male only 31%. Kerala district wise population, population based on religion in Kerala. With the rise in the share of both Muslims and Christians, the share of Indian Religionists has undergone a decline of nearly 14 percentage points, from 68.9 percent in 1901 to 55.0 percent in 2011. MUL and KC won 2 and 1 seats, respectively, with a voting percentage of 5.1% and 2.5%. Indian Religionists in this region are now barely above the fifty percent mark. In Peerumade, there has been some accretion to the share of Muslims also, and the share of Hindus has declined by as much as 3 percentage points. The decadal growth of Muslims has indeed declined considerably since 1971. The growth of Muslims has thus been nearly 6 times that of Hindus and more than 9 times that of Christians. The religion data of 2001-11 indicates that the process of the demographic marginalisation of the Hindus in this state has not yet stopped and is likely to continue unabated for the next several decades. India Election 2019: A Simple Guide to the World’s Largest Vote ... including emphasizing Hindu religion in school textbooks and intensifying animosity with Muslims over holy sites. In these five decades, Muslims have added more than 1.75 percentage points to their share in every decade except 1991-2001, when the accretion was of somewhat less than 1.5 percentage points. Muslims are concentrated in North and Christians in South KeralaOf the total of 88.7 lakh Muslims in the State in 2011, 63.8 lakh are in North Kerala and only about 25 lakh in South Kerala. They had a share of 13.8 percent at the beginning of the century in 1901; it reached 21.2 percent in 1961, marking a rise of more than 7 percentage points in six decades. But then also India is called an Hinduism Country. Most of the exit polls, including two by two leading Malayalam television channels, have indicated a 3 to 5 percent dip in the LDF vote share in the current election. Indian population religion wise 2019 – State wise. High presence of both Muslims and ChristiansThe religious demography of Kerala is marked by high presence of both Muslims and Christians. A TOI analysis of the 2001 and 2011 religion-based census data showed the state's Muslim population grew by 12.23% while the other two communities (Hindus up by … Kerala has witnessed a slow population growth rate in the last 20 years. These low work participation rates of women and high number of children percent of the population among Muslims seem related to the internal dynamics of the community rather than to any external parameters. The imbalance of growth that we see in Kerala is even more pronounced in North Kerala, where Muslims have a presence of 43.5 percent and where the share of Indian Religionists has declined by as much as 18.4 percentage points since 1901.10. The state is flanked by Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and the Lakshadweep Sea to the west. 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